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Josh K.
Ph.D. student at Loyola, years of writing experience
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Greek
TutorMe
Question:

What is the difference between the imperfect and the aorist tense in Koine Greek?

Josh K.
Answer:

The imperfect tense refers to continuous action in the past, and is formed by using the stem of the present tense. For example, λύω means "I loosen," and ἔλυον means "I was loosening." The aorist, on the other hand, refers to an undefined past action, meaning that it is not known whether it is ongoing, whether it was continuous, or whether it is completed. It is formed by using the future tense. For example, λύσω means "I will loosen," and ἔλυσα means "I loosened."

Writing
TutorMe
Question:

How should an essay for the SAT be formatted?

Josh K.
Answer:

While a college essay will expect more from you, an SAT essay will expect the five paragraph essay format. These essays have three main sections: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. 1. Introduction (1 paragraph) The introduction needs to include two things: a clear thesis statement and the list of examples that you will use in the body paragraphs. Put another way, state what you are arguing and the factors that lead you to believe that you are correct. 2. Body (3-4 paragraphs) The body will contain the examples that you gave in the list in your introduction. Be clear and concise. Explain how each example supports your thesis. 3. Conclusion (1 paragraph) In the conclusion, restate your thesis and the examples you gave. In short, the five paragraph essay format asks you to: (1) say what you are going to say, (2) say it, and (3) say what you said. There is more to it than this, of course, but these are the main points. You do not have to be flowery with your language; this is not a creative writing assignment, but an assessment of whether you can make an argument and defend that argument. This is allowed to be boring, and in some cases it is preferable to do so.

Religious Studies
TutorMe
Question:

What types of Jewish scripture references exist in the New Testament?

Josh K.
Answer:

There are three types of references to the Jewish scriptures in the New Testament: 1. Direct Quotation Usually, but not always, direct quotations begin with a phrase cluing the reader into the fact that there is a quotation, such as "as it is written" or "what the Lord had said through the prophet." These quotations can be exact, but usually they are different from their source, either because of the Greek translation that the author was using, or because they have altered the quotation to better fit their point. One such example is Matthew's use of Isaiah 7:14 in Matt 1:22-23. Isaiah does not mention a "virgin," but the translation of Isaiah that Matthew was using does. Thus, Matthew continued that tradition. 2. Allusion Allusions are not direct quotations, but merely make use of an image presented in the Jewish scriptures. For example, John's eating of the scroll in Revelation 10:9-10 alludes to a very similar incident in Ezekiel 3:3. In both instances, the prophet is commanded to eat the scroll, and it tastes sweet to them. 3. Echoes/Literary Parallels This category consists of that which does not fit in either of the other categories. If their is a question as to whether it is a quotation or an allusion, it is in this category. For example, Jesus' actions in the miracle of the Stilling of the Storm in Mark 4 is reminiscent of Jonah's in Jonah 1. However, was Mark trying to make the connection between a dutiful Jesus and a fleeing Jonah? I have my doubts. Thus, I put this incident in the "echoes" category, as it does not seem intentional enough to be an allusion.

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