What is Promissory Estoppel?
Promissory Estoppel is sometimes called a consideration substitute. It comes into play when consideration is insufficient to form the basis of a contract and the opposing party has reasonably relied on the promise to their detriment.
Describe how repeated iterations affect the political theory called the "prisoner's dilemma".
The prisoner's dilemma is a political game theory in which two participants are faced with two options, presented to each party separately. In the traditional prisoner's situation, the options are to rat on your counterpart in exchange for a deal or maintain your silence. If both parties rat, then there is no deal and both prisoners serve the max amount of time. If both parties maintain their silence, they both walk. If one party is silent while the other rats, the silent party receives the max and the ratting party gets a break. By having multiple iterations, political scientists have theorized that parties are less likely to make choices that are less advantageous to both parties.
What is community based policing?
Community based policing is designed to integrate public participation by creating police-community partnerships with the local community to promote more efficient and better working policing in certain communities.