Tutor profile: Elizabeth T.
How do I write a thesis statement and where do I include it in my introductory paragraph?
Your thesis statement is very important because it comes at the start of your essay and lets your readers know what they are going to be reading about. It is almost like a condensed version of the ideas that will be discussed throughout the essay. Your thesis statement should always state the topic or purpose of the essay, and then list the reasons or supporting information that will be in the essay. For example, if I was writing an opinion essay about whether or not middle schools should have recess time, my thesis statement might look something like this: “I think middle schools should have recess time because it would promote physical exercise, allow more opportunities for kids to socialize with friends, and improve social-emotional health by providing a break from technology.” Notice that I started my essay by stating my opinion/purpose for writing the essay which was to explain why middle schools should have recess (i.e. I think middle schools should have recess time). Next, I listed all the reasons I plan to discuss in the body of my essay. Notice that each reason I list is unique and supports my opinion. A good rule of thumb when determining where to place your thesis statement in your essay, is to put it at the end of your introductory paragraph. This way, the thesis statement is fresh in your reader’s mind and they have a clear picture of the topic at hand as they begin reading the body of your essay. Check out this example introductory paragraph to see where I place my thesis statement: "Have you ever wondered why recess stops after elementary school? Many middle schoolers feel like they should also be allowed to have recess because middle schoolers are kids too! Besides, recess can have a lot of positive effects on any age student, like promoting physical and emotional well-being. I think middle schools should have recess time because it would promote physical exercise, allow more opportunities for kids to socialize with friends, and improve social-emotional health by providing a break from technology." Notice that the beginning of my introductory paragraph starts with a hook (the question that I ask) to draw my readers in, and then I provide some background information on the issue I am writing about before I end the paragraph with my thesis statement.
Subject: Study Skills
I have a big test coming up that I need to study for but I have such a hard time focusing and I feel like I forget everything I’ve just studied. How can I focus and remember better what I have been studying?
One of my favorite strategies when I’m struggling to focus is to schedule brain breaks! Our brains are designed to only be able to focus on something for about 20 minutes. That’s not a lot of time and certainly seems to explain why it can feel really hard to focus on something like studying for a test, which often takes longer than 20 minutes. To help yourself out, try scheduling brain breaks into your study routine. Follow these steps: 1. Set a timer for 20 minutes before you start studying, then begin studying. 2. When the timer goes off, take a five minute brain break. During your 5 minute brain break, do something completely different from studying, like going for a quick walk outside, or eating a snack. Try to avoid screen time during your break, especially if you are doing your studying on a device. 3. After spending 5 minutes taking a break from studying, reset your timer to 20 minutes, and repeat steps 1-3. If you are still studying after an hour, you may want to consider taking a longer break, about 20 minutes, before continuing on. It is also recommended that you split up your study sessions across a few different days. Doing this will better help the information get into your long term memory. The brain break strategy allows your brain to relax and reset, so that once it is over, your brain will feel fresher and ready to study again. I know it can be hard to take a break sometimes if you are feeling like you just want to get the studying over with, but taking brain breaks can actually help you get through studying faster since your focus will be better. Give it a try!
I am supposed to explain the author's tone in the book that I am reading, but I don't really understand what I am supposed to do.
The author's tone refers to the words that the author uses to show how the author feels about a subject. The author’s tone helps to create the mood of the story or essay, which describes how the reader feels when they read the author’s words. Check out this example that I wrote: “We all sat in quiet anticipation as we waited for the speaker to come out on stage. Even the lights seem to be buzzing with excitement!” In the example above, I use an excited and slightly tense tone to show that I, as the author, am feeling anticipation for the speaker to come out. I use specific words like, “anticipation,” “excitement,” and even “buzzing” to create the excited/tense tone. This then helps the readers to feel the excited/tense mood as they are reading. When you describe the author’s tone of the book you are reading, a good rule of thumb is to first think about how the book makes you feel. What kind of mood does the book put you in? For example, if the book puts you in a sad mood a lot of the time, chances are pretty good that the author writes with a sad tone. Once you decide what kind of a mood the book puts you in most often, then read through a few pages and try to pick out specific words or phrases that put you in that mood. For example, if you think the author writes with a sad tone, look for words or phrases that could convey sadness. Check out the following sentence I wrote: “My brother forlornly watched as his ice cream melted drip-by-drip onto the bleak, hard pavement.” In the example above, I have used the words, “forlornly” and “bleak” to evoke sadness and show that I feel that my brother’s ice cream melting is sad. Therefore, the author’s tone is sad in my example.
needs and Elizabeth will reply soon.