Tutor profile: Emily D.
For centuries scientists have used animals to test medical procedures and substances that they hope might be used to help people fight disease. Now, many cosmetic companies also test their products on animals to study the effects of the products. There is a growing movement to stop all use of animals in tests but particularly in experiments performed for reasons of human vanity not health. In an essay that refers to at least two sources for support, take a position on the subject of animal testing.
Most people rarely consider the role of animals in their everyday life outside of their pet dog, cat, or bearded dragon. From medicine to soap to makeup, almost all products humans use for health and beauty have been developed using animal testing. Animal testing is used to create medicines and test the safety of beauty products. Some people argue that the tests on animals are cruel and inhumane, so animals should not be tested on. Conversely, others argue that these tests are necessary for saving human life and keeping products safe. While animal testing is vital for creating life-saving drugs and procedures, lab animals should be treated with as much care as possible; moreover, animals should not be used at all in cosmetic testing. Animal testing is a necessary evil in medical research because it results in breakthroughs that save both human and animal lives alike. For example, in the 1910s, dogs, guinea pigs, and rabbits were uses in “Research that led to safe storage and routine transfusion of sterile, compatible blood” (RDS Online). This means that before scientists used animal testing, safe blood transfusions would have been impossible. This is important because countless lives, human and animal, have been saved through blood transfusions which are necessary in surgery, in case of injury or if the body does not make blood properly. Altogether, to save all lives, animal testing is essential in medical research. Even though animals are needed for medical research, that does not mean they should be treated as objects; rather, they should be given as comfortable a life as possible. In her essay, “I Acknowledge Mine,” primatologist Jane Goodall argues, “it should be required that all scientists working with laboratory animals . . . see for themselves how their protocols affect individual animals” (Goodal 671). Goodall believes that if scientists get to know the animals they test on as individuals and as a species, they are more likely to try and reduce the animal’s suffering by giving it the comfort it requires. Indeed, the life of a laboratory animal is filled with grueling tests in the quest for lifesaving science; therefore, those animals should be treated with compassion and care to counteract the mistreatment. In short, animals sacrifice their and lives to help save the lives of others, so scientists should strive to alleviate animal suffering as much as possible. On the other hand, animal testing should not be used in cosmetic research because it does not save lives and there are more effective alternatives. According to Scientific American, the National Anti-Vivisectionist Society (NAVS) argues that animal testing in cosmetic research is “more expensive and less reliable than other methods with do not rely on inflicting pain and suffering” (Scientific American). This quote illustrates that not only is cosmetic testing painful to animals, but it is also less effective than other tests. This reveals that animal testing is not even necessary in cosmetic testing since there are less expensive and more reliable alternatives. Overall, since cosmetic testing does not save lives, and there are other, better methods, animal testing should not be used. Briefly, even though animals should be used to develop medicines, their lives should be made as comfortable as possible. However, since cosmetic testing using animals is costly and unreliable, companies should use other methods to test beauty products. Medical testing has made life-saving drugs and procedures possible, but those lab animals often live grim lives. Therefore, scientists should make an effort to limit animal suffering as much as possible. As cosmetic testing only serves human vanity, other methods should be used to ensure the safety of a product. All in all, to help save as many animals as possible, choose products that are not tested on animals and send a message to cosmetic companies to choose better alternatives that do not cause needless animal suffering.
How was Lennie's death foreshadowed in John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men?
In John Steinbeck's novel, Of Mice and Men, Lennie's death is foreshadowed in several ways. Take for example when Candy's old dog was killed out of mercy. When Carlson tries to persuade Candy to let him shoot the dog, Carlson claims, "'The way I'd shoot him, he wouldn't feel nothing. I'd put the gun tight there.' He pointed with his toe. 'Right in the back of the head. He wouldn't even quiver'" (Steinbeck 45). Carlson eventually shoots the dog painlessly to put him out of his misery. Then at the end of the novel, to save Lennie from being lynched by Curley, George shoots Lennie in the back of the head as well. Lennie dies instantly and painlessly. Briefly, the way Lennie died was foreshadowed through the death of Candy's dog.
What does Daisy’s statement, “I hope she’ll be a fool – that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool,” reveal about the way she views her own life?
In the novel Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, Daisy Buchannan is pessimistic about her life because of her knowledge of her husband's infidelity. When talking to her cousin Nick, Daisy reveals what she thought when her daughter was born. Daisy states, "I hope she’ll be a fool – that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool" (Fitzgerald 17). In other words, Daisy believes that her daughter will be happier if she is beautiful but oblivious. This reveals that Daisy believes she would also be happier if she was unaware of her husband's cheating ways. Altogether, Daisy's wish for her daughter to be a fool exposes her own displeasure in her own marriage.
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