Tutor profile: Virginia I.
Translate this passage taken from Longus' "Daphnis and Chloe" into clear, correct English: Ἐν Λέσβῳ θηρῶν ἐν ἄλσει Νυμφῶν θέαμα εἶδον κάλλιστον ὧν εἶδον, εἰκόνος γραφήν, ἱστορίαν ἔρωτος. καλὸν μἑν καὶ τὸ ἄλσος, πολύδενδρον, ἀνθηρόν, κατάρρυτον, μία πηγὴ πάντα ἔτρεφε καὶ τὰ ἄνθη καὶ τὰ δένδρα . . .
While hunting on Lesbos in a grove of the Nymphs, I saw a marvel (the most beautiful of those which I have seen), a drawing of a figure, a history of love. And the grove was beautiful, full of trees, blooming, well-watered; one spring nourished all things, both the flowers and the trees . . .
What is/how do I use the sequence of tenses?
The sequence of tenses can seem intimidating, but once you memorize a few simple patterns, a whole world of subjunctive clauses will be opened up to you. Basically, the sequence of tense tells you which tense of the subjunctive to use in a subordinate/dependent clause based on the tense of the verb in the main clause. The verbs in the main clause can be in either primary or secondary tenses. Primary tenses are those which occur in the present or future, while secondary tenses describe events in the past. From there, you must ask yourself whether the verb in the dependent clause occurs prior to, at the same time as or subsequent to the main verb. If the main verb is in a primary tense and the verb in the subordinate clause happens either at the same time or subsequent to the main verb, use the present subjunctive. If the the main verb is in a primary tense but the verb in the subordinate clause occurs prior to the main verb, use the perfect subjunctive. If the main verb is in a secondary tense and the verb in the subordinate clause happens either at the same time or subsequent to the main verb, use the imperfect subjunctive. If the the main verb is in a secondary tense but the verb in the subordinate clause occurs prior to the main verb, use the pluperfect subjunctive.
What are some qualities of a well-written thesis statement?
A well-written thesis statement presents an argument, is specific, and outlines your argument. For example, if you were writing an essay about "To Kill a Mockingbird," a thesis statement which makes an argument might read "Boo Radley teaches the Finch children the dangers of prejudice," rather than "Boo Radley is my favorite character." The first makes an argument, while the second is just an opinion. To continue with the same book, an example of a specific thesis statement is "Scout develops as a character by engaging with the social issues of her time," rather than "Scout faces challenges." The second is very broad, and you'll probably have difficulty addressing everything in the scope of your thesis. Finally, an example of a thesis that outlines your argument would be "Calpurnia plays an important role in To Kill a Mockingbird by serving as a mother figure to the Finch children and by educating them about her experience as a black woman." A thesis statement which does not outline your argument might be "Calpurnia plays an important role in the book."
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