Tutor profile: Charles B.
Subject: Religious Studies
While every religious tradition (Christianity, Islam, Hinduism) contain dogmatically different ideologies, what kind one say is an almost universal ideology/belief system that most (if not all) religions teach their adherents?
From a spiritual and academic perspective, all religions contain differences in their belief system and in the manner in which their adherents perceive reality. With that being said, one can also make the argument that there is a basic and unifying principle that all religions embrace. In colloquial terms, it is known as "The Golden Rule" principle. In Christianity, this principle is the foundation of its religious tenets on divine love, mercy, and forgiveness. The Gospel of Matthew (7:12) is where such a principle is inspired from, "In everything, do to others what you would have them do to you..." In Islam, this principle is highlighted by the "Belief of Reciprocity" wherein a person should give to what he or she is rightfully due to them, especially in regards to mutual benefit. In the Quran, this principle gains its inspiration from the verse, "As you would have people do to you, do to them; and what you dislike to be done to you, don't do to them." Then, in Hinduism through a polytheistic belief system, there exists within its core tenets the key belief in mutual goodwill to all people. Such a belief and principle is highlighted in their holy texts (the Vedas), "This is the sum of duty; do naught unto others what you would have them do unto you." Overall, though religions have their different belief structures, the universal belief of goodwill and kindness to all of humanity is a source of both unity and reconciliation between the varying religions of the world.
How has Shakespeares' plays continue to influence and transform our modern entertainment industry?
Shakespeare's plays have been (and continues to be) a most influential deposit of rich literature which helped inspire the creation of many modern-day movies and tv shows. For example, Shakespeare's famed "Romeo & Juliet" was the inspiration for the movie "West Side Story" (1961), wherein like the legendary play itself, the movie depicts two drastically different and antagonistic gang members (the Jets and the Sharks) who are against each other - while at the same time - having two principal characters (Tony and Maria) from either gang fall deeply in love with each other. Another depiction of this phenomenon is in the movie "The Lion King" (1994) which was inspired by the renowned Shakespearean play "Hamlet." Like the source material, the movie depicts a young prince (Simba) who struggles to regain his royal inheritance from his deceptive and manipulative uncle (Scar) who unlawfully takes control of the kingdom from Simba. However, unlike the source material, Simba (with the aid of his friends) was able to reclaim his royal inheritance and defeat Scar.
Subject: World History
What is the true significance of the period known as "The Age of Enlightenment?"
Many academics posit that the Enlightenment Period (17th & 18th centuries) was the dawn of humanity's embrace of the secular sciences (Biology, Chemistry, etc.) over the sacred sciences (Theology, Philosophy, etc.). While such a position is correct, fundamentally, this period marked a drastic change in philosophical thinking. Before this period, much of Western culture and philosophy revolved around the sacred sciences such as the works of Thomas Aquinas, and the even earlier classical philosophies of antiquity such as the legendary Plato or Aristotle. However, by the emergence of the Enlightenment Period, the philosophy of the West began a transformation from the God-centered philosophical paradigms to the Human-centered philosophies spearheaded by renowned Humanists like Immanuel Kant, Voltaire, and John Locke. These philosophers and the philosophies they propagated fundamentally changed the world (and much of the West) from a concentration on the divine to a concentration on the secular world. This change in human thinking is the greatest achievement of the Enlightenment Period.
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