Tutor profile: Isabella M.
In Homer's famous story the "Iliad," the Trojans and Greeks are at war due to Trojan prince Paris seducing the Greek queen Helen. During the war, Greek warrior Achilles fights Trojan warrior Hector, who killed Achilles' best friend Patroclus. During Hector's defeat, he seems to suffer the same death as Patroclus, seen in these lines: ὣς ἄρα μιν εἰπόντα τέλος θανάτοιο κάλυψε, ψυχὴ δʼ ἐκ ῥεθέων πταμένη Ἄϊδόσδε βεβήκει ὃν πότμον γοάουσα, λιποῦσʼ ἀνδροτῆτα καὶ ἥβην. "As he was speaking, the end of death covered him, the breath left from his limbs flying down to Hades, groaning (about) its fate, leaving manliness and youth behind." What tense is κάλυψε?
The basic latin verb of "love" has the 4 principle parts: amo, amare, amavi, amatus. Using your knowledge of the principle parts and conjugation, provide the correct translation for "he/she/it had loved."
The latin translation uses the 3rd principle part "amavi" because this sentence structure indicates the pluperfect. The conjugation endings of the pluperfect are similar to the imperfect form of "sum" (-erat). Therefore, the correct translation is "amaverat."
In basic sentence structure, we know most sentences have a subject + verb + direct object. This verb is known as "transitive." Can you give a correct example of the opposite form, known as an intransitive sentence?
"____ was running." "______ ran." "______ will run." "_____ had ran." (subject) + (verb of action) + (NO direct object)
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