Tutor profile: Sean M.
Subject: Library and Information Science
What are stop words?
Most search engines filter out certain words that are common in languages. Those are called <b>stop words</b>. For example: <i>a, than, so,</i> and <i>like</i> might be words that are weeded out. Some other words (<i>and, or</i>) are special, telling the search engine to perform certain tasks. If you know what these words are you could tailor a better search. If you go on a particular search engine and type in the search bar <i>FOO stop word</i> (insert search engine name at FOO) you will find information on that search engine’s stop words.
Subject: International Studies
Would the use of atomic weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki constitute a war crime?
By summer of 1945 it was apparent to both sides that Japan's ability to continue was in doubt. However, with the invasion and capture of Okinawa in the spring and summer of 1945, Allied planners assumed the casualties on both sides against the home islands would have been horrific. At that point it was a rare occurrence that Japanese military units would surrender, on Okinawa the civilian population was part of the defense. While Kyushu was to be fought by Allied units already in theater, the invasion of Honshu was to be made up of veterans of the European theater, redeployed for this purpose. Recent declassified reports have highlighted doubt within the White House and the Joint Chiefs as to the effectiveness of atomic weapons. Operation Downfall, the invasion of the Japanese home islands, was still being planned if after the use of these new weapons provided a more recalcitrant opponent.
Subject: Digital Media
Audacity automatically sets a project's sampling for 44.1kHz. Why set the sampling on Audacity to 48kHz?
44.1kHz is the frequency for audio CDs, which is twice the rate of audio cassette. 48kHz is considered broadcast quality for television, and digital video files record the audio at the rate. Assume that a finished project might have another life in off the Internet, like in a gallery or cable station.
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