Tutor profile: Karim M.
What is the subjunctive used for?
The subjunctive is a verb mode that is used to express desires, wishes, doubts, emotions. It is different from the indicative mode as the latter is used to talk about real situations either in the present, past, or future, whereas the subjunctive refers to hypothetical or imaginary situations. Focus on the following example: María cantó una canción. This situation is real, as it states that the action given was actually performed. Me gustaría que María haya cantado una canción. In this sentence, I'm expressing my desire for something which is imaginary, a merely hypothetical situation in the past thus not real at all.
What's the relationship between signified and signifier?
According to Saussure, the sign is divided into two different components: the "sound-image", which he calls the signifier, and the "concept", which is the signified. In order for you to understand how the signifier and the signified are linked to each other, you must first know how signs are interpreted. Thus the existence of a conventional relationship is necessary for the signifier to entail the signified. Example: This is a happy face :) I know that's its name because I've heard my family and friends calling it like that, this means there's a convention, a word or phrase that everybody accepted as the way to name that specific material form.
Subject: English as a Second Language
What's that one thing that keeps you up late at night?
I might say that the idea of not having been able to achieve the goals I desired in the past is what usually prevents me from falling asleep. However, I'm a 29-year-old man who doesn't seem to be worried about unchangeable things. What is it then? You might ask yourself. Well mate, allow me to tell you that the answer to that inquiry is quite simpler than breathing the refreshing summer breeze while walking along the southern Mexican shore at sunset. The reason why my eyes are wide open this night is that I'm in New Zealand, and I'm jetlagged.
needs and Karim will reply soon.