Tutor profile: Emily H.
List the main stages of the writing process and explain each one.
The first stage of the writing process is brainstorming, in which the writer determines their topic, thesis, and main points. This stage often includes doing research and/or making an outline. Then, the writer drafts their work--i.e. writes down all their initial thoughts usually following the pattern of their brainstorming exercises. The next step is revising, in which the writer reviews their work to fix larger issues such as organization or clarity of argument. Finally, the writer proofreads, reviewing their work a final time to make small changes to grammar, word choice, and sentence structure.
Subject: US History
Regarding the first two-party system in the United States: what were the names of the parties, who first led each one, and what were each one's general beliefs?
The first two political parties in the United States were the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party. Alexander Hamilton first led the Federalists, and Thomas Jefferson led the Democratic-Republicans. The Federalists believed in a strong, centralized government; wanted to establish a National Bank; and thought that the federal government should assume the individual states' war debts and pay them all together with federal tax money. The Democratic-Republicans wanted the individual state governments to retain more power than the federal government and each pay their own war debts, and they did not support a National Bank.
What is the difference between an independent clause, a dependent clause, and a phrase?
An independent clause contains a subject and a verb and can stand alone as a sentence, such as "Today I ate cereal for breakfast" ("I" is the subject, "ate" is the verb, and it makes sense as a sentence by itself). A dependent clause contains a subject and a verb but cannot stand alone as a sentence, such as "While I was eating breakfast" ("I" is the subject and "was eating" is the verb, but it does not make sense as a sentence unless another clause is added after it--it would depend on that clause to complete the thought). A phrase does not contain both a subject and a verb, such as "eating breakfast at the table" (although "eating" is a verb, no one/nothing is doing the eating, so the phrase has no subject).
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