Are US Presidents and UK Prime Ministers elected differently? If so, how?
Yes, the processes differ supremely. A US President is elected by the public - US citizens (That are over 18 and registered to vote) have the opportunity to cast their vote for whichever candidate they deem the most fit to serve as the President. From there, each state tallies up its votes and it goes to the Electoral College, who's votes are based on population and must reflect the end decision of their state. The winner of a state gets all of the state's electoral votes - It's not split by percentage. The first to 270 electoral votes wins. In the UK, a Prime Minister is not chosen by the public, but by Parliament. The UK DOES have elections by the general public, but it's to choose their MP's (Members of Parliament). After these general elections, the leader of the party that wins a majority in Parliament is elected Prime Minister.
How does 'Birdman' use cinematography to accurately reflect the experience of a stage actor?
'Birdman' won 4 Oscars in 2014 - One of them being 'Best Achievement in Cinematography'. In this tale of a film actor putting on a stage play, the cinematography is especially remarkable as practically the whole film is done in one shot. This is a testament and even somewhat of a tribute to stage actors - Stage actors only get one shot each performance to prove themselves to their audience, whereas film actors get as many takes as they want until their director is satisfied with what he or she sees. Within the film, we see it all in real time, just as is in a live performance. The anxiety, the rush, and the passion is all there. Not only does this reflect the experience of stage actors, but it does so in the way it was directed - Since the shots were so extensive, if one person messed one moment up, they would have to go back and start the whole sequence over, just like a stage rehearsal process.
How do the U.S. government's actions taken during The Great Depression still affect us today?
The Great Depression still has a HUGE impact on how we live our lives today - FDR created The New Deal, which created Social Security, created the minimum wage, and created the Glass-Steagall Act. It also led to the formation of the Democratic Party as we know today - FDR formed a coalition of union workers, ethnic minorities, and those living in poverty, as FDR knew these policies would lead to victory and further progress for his movement. We can also still see a reflection of FDR's policies be taken today - President Barack Obama took actions similar to FDR in the financial crisis of 2008 (Economic stimulus package, Keynesian economic practices, etc.) So many actions taken in the 1930s are still a reflection of what we see today.