Tutor profile: Emmanuel S.
What is a split-infinitive and is it ever permissible to use one?
A split-infinitive is where you put one or more words in between the "to" and the verb of an infinitival verb. For example, an infinitive is "to run." A split-infinitive is "to quickly run." In this case, I've split the infinitive with an adverb. Split-infinitives have become more acceptable in recent times. So, in most cases it is acceptable to use one, if doing so would improve the flow of the text.
Subject: Religious Studies
What is the doctrine of omnipotence?
According to a historically orthodox understanding of omnipotence, saying that God is omnipotent is to say that God can do anything that is consistent with his own nature. Importantly, the doctrine of omnipotence is not the simple statement that God can do anything. For, clearly, God cannot do logically impossible things, he cannot sin, and so on. Very few influential theologians throughout church history have held that God can do anything in that sense. Rather, saying that God can do anything that is consistent with his nature means that his own character, knowledge, and so on, set the parameters for what he can do, and nothing else restricts or restrains God's actions.
What is the difference between deontology and consequentialism?
The difference between deontology and consequentialism is a difference in what each theory has as a starting point. For deontology, the starting point for ethical theorizing is duty, or what it is right to do. In contrast, the starting point for ethical theorizing for consequentialism is value. As an illustration, think of the debate over whether it is permissible to eat meat. Suppose that it is wrong to eat meat. In this case, deontology would account for this by appealing to some foundational duty, such as the duty to respect sentient life. In contrast, consequentialism would account for this by appealing to some foundational value, such as the positive value of pleasure, or the negative value of pain.
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