Explain the differences between French Colonialism and British Colonialism in North Africa.
The British colonies in North Africa were ruled by indirect rule. The British utilized their colonies for natural resources. In order to do this they took control of pre-established government systems and used them to ravage these countries. The French colonies of Algeria and Tunisia were ruled by direct rule. France wanted Algeria and Tunisia to become part of France and therefore they implemented direct ruling systems that copied the French system. French citizens were encouraged to move to Algeria and Tunisia and to make it their home, since the colonies would be part of the Empire. Through this, France took control of the government, economy, and culture.
How did World War II impact the American Family?
World War II impacted the family in two ways. The first was the increased consumer good production following the war. The second was the rise of the conservative traditional family in response to the increased female workforce. During World War II, factories were built solely to build weapons and tanks for the war effort. When the war ended, the factories were refurbished in order to produce consumer goods. This led to an increase in the number of consumer goods that were available for families. By the 1950's most families had a refrigerator, a microwave, and a laundry machine all which led to increased comfort and style. These factories largely employed women as most of the work force was fighting in World War II, but following the end of the war, these women were laid off and sent home. Many women felt the emancipation of having a job and then were sent home to cook and clean using their new consumer goods. Thus the end of the war saw the rise of the Conservative traditional family with the wife at home, cooking and cleaning, while the husband works to support the family.
Explain the long term causes leading up to the French Revolution.
While the French Revolution is a very complex idea, there are three simple causes: the spending of the crown, increased economic despair among the common people, and new political understandings due to the Enlightenment. Before the stirrings of the Revolution, the Crown began spending lavishly starting with Louis XIV's, the Sun King, rule. He believed that by displaying the wealth of the monarchy he could increase his power and therefore he built Versailles as a display of this power. This, coupled with the increased spending on war led the monarchy to be in debt. By 1780, France had been at war with Britain and others for almost a century, and were struggling to maintain their army. The Financial Minister borrowed money from foreign powers and increased the taxes on the Third Estate, or the common people. By 1780, the common people or the bourgeoise were beginning to resent the distinction between nobility and bourgeoise. Many were skilled merchants or artisans and were Nouveaux Riche, or the new rich, but they faced taxes that the nobility did not have to pay. The increase in taxes and the economic crisis in 1787 led the bourgeoise to struggle even to buy bread. While dealing with the rising economic crisis, the people saw the success of the American Revolution and heard new Enlightenment ideas about how rulers should lead, and they started to scrutinize their monarch. Louis XVI, the French King, was seen as a despotic ruler who could not control his country or his wife. Thus the people began to question his rule. All of this turmoil came to a head with the convocation of the Estate General in 1787 which eventually started the French Revolution.