Tutor profile: Karen C.
Subject: Public Health
How do climate change inequities reflect the social determinants of health?
The social determinants of health essentially reflect a person's access to resources and therefore their ability to mitigate or adapt to risks such as climate change. Because of this, climate change will disproportionately affect marginalized groups. For example, extreme heat will disproportionately harm those living in poor housing stock that has poor insulation and no air conditioning, such as low-income people and people of color. These groups are also less likely to have access to a car to travel to cooling centers, and they are more likely to have chronic conditions such as asthma that are exacerbated by high temperatures.
Subject: Study Skills
How can I most efficiently read and synthesize multiple texts for my social science classes?
First, read each text individually. For each text, you should first skim the table of contents and headings to understand how the text is organized. Then, annotate the text by highlighting key ideas and phrases. Summarize the text into one main idea and a few key supporting points. Then, organize the main idea and key supporting points for all the texts onto one document. Consider how their arguments are related. For example, does one text support the other? Are they presenting different arguments? What are the implications of these texts for what you have learned in the class so far? This can help you conceptualize what you have learned about the class as a whole. Finally, write down 1-3 questions that you can bring to the next class.
How do community dynamics during the 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa demonstrate Link and Phelan's conceptualization of stigma?
Treatment of Ebola patients and survivors during this time followed Link and Phelan's conceptualization of stigma as: 1) distinguishing and labeling differences, 2) associating differences with negative attributes, 3) creating an "us" vs. "them" mentality, and 4) resulting in status loss and discrimination. Ebola patients and survivors were distinguished by their biological status as currently having or having had the disease. They were associated as potential sources of infection and sometimes even considered victims of divine punishment. This separation was further perpetuated through campaigns such as "no touch" policies in certain communities. Overall, this contributed to status loss and discrimination for Ebola patients and survivors. They were dehumanized through pejorative terms such as "Ebola survivor" and "Ebola child." Many were forced to isolate even after they recovered and faced discrimination in employment.
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