In order for a person to be elected president of the United States, they must win at least 270 electoral votes in the electoral college. How is a state's number of electoral votes established and how could a state alter their electoral vote number?
A state's electoral vote number is the number of members of the House of Representatives plus the state's two (2) Senators. If a state wanted to increase their electoral vote count, it would have to increase its population in order to increase its number of allotted US House districts, thereby increasing its number of Representatives.
In its holding in Marbury v. Madison, the US Supreme Court established a major doctrine that altered the how we view the role of the judicial system in our nation. What is the name of this doctrine and how is it applied to laws?
In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court established the doctrine of judicial review. Under this doctrine, the Court asserted the judicial branch as the check upon the legislative and executive branches. The judicial branch can, when certain cases are brought before the courts, rule a law to be in violation of the constitution and, therefore, unconstitutional. This strikes down the law and invalidates it.
Since 1976, only two people have been elected for this first term as president from “inside” Washington (ie. a then presently elected federal-level official), George H. W. Bush and Barack Obama. What event or events prior to 1976 most strongly affected this “anti-Washington” sentiment amongst US voters?
The most salient event to occur directly prior to 1976 that caused voters to distrust Washington was the Watergate break-in and its after effects. Up until that time, our politicians were regarded, and treated, as some of the most honorable and trustworthy men and women in our nation. Their motives were rarely questioned. During the mid-to-late 1960s, as the Vietnam war continued, people began to question Washington more, but still held its occupants in high regard. Following the events of Watergate and President Nixon’s subsequent resignation, voters immediately began to toss out Washington politicians and began electing people from “outside”the beltway, in order to curb the culture and place people they believed were more trustworthy in Office.