Tutor profile: Linda Z.
What is the difference between imperfect and preterite tense in Spanish grammar?
Both imperfect and preterite tense are a form of past tense in Spanish grammar and each tense is conjugated differently. Imperfect tense is employed when describing a past action that was repeated regularly, or to describe people/things in the past. For example, "Cuando John era niño, jugaba videojuegos todos los días." (When John was a child, he played video games every day.) Preterite tense is employed when describing a specific event that occurred in the past, therefore not being something that was repeated or descriptive of the past. For example, "Cuando John tenía ocho años, ganó un torneo de ajedrez." (When John was 8 years old, he won a chess tournament.)
What is the difference between passive and active voice? What are the effects of using one or the other?
In writing, active voice is when the subject of the sentence is also the one completing the action or verb of the sentence. Using active voice creates a present environment for the reader, often coming off as more direct and clear than passive voice. Passive voice is when the subject is acted on by the verb. Passive voice can be helpful when trying to bring attention to a certain subject or if there are multiple subjects introduced in the sentence.
Subject: US Government and Politics
What is the median voter theorem? How realistic and applicable is this theorem in the context of modern U.S. politics?
The median voter theorem states that if voters and their associated ideologies are distributed along a one-dimensional spectrum, with voters ranking alternatives that are closest to the voter's original placement on the spectrum, likely resulting in the election of the candidate closest to the median voter. In regards to modern U.S. politics, the median voter theorem provides a baseline understanding of the spectrum of voter ideologies, but it fails to consider the complexity of political ideologies and does not consider a potential mix of ideologies for a singular voter. Additionally, political ideology spectrums are often weighted and difficult to construct along a one-dimensional spectrum, therefore often causing the model to lack applicability to U.S. politics.