Tutor profile: Megan C.
What is the difference between a semicolon and a colon?
A semicolon connects two independent clauses. That means that each half of the sentence is a complete thought. Take a look at the following example. "John's empty fridge left him with only one choice; he needed to go to the store." In this sentence, both clauses are independent. "John's empty fridge left him with only one choice," and "He needed to go to the store," could each be a complete sentence. Meanwhile, a colon is used to connect an independent clause with a dependent clause. This means that although the first half of the sentence could stand on its own, the second half makes no sense without being connected to the first half. Take a look at this example. "John's empty fridge left him with only one choice: a trip to the store." In this example, "John's empty fridge left him with only one choice," could still be a complete sentence, but "a trip to the store" couldn't be a complete sentence on its own. Colons are also used to introduce lists, as shown in the following example. "He needed three things: eggs, milk, and bread." Regardless, the part of the sentence following the colon depends and expands on the part of the sentence before it.
Subject: World History
Explain why Buddhism was revolutionary when introduced in India.
Prior to the creation of Buddhism, the dominant religion in India was Brahmanism. Brahmanism placed the spiritual wellbeing of the entire population in the hands of a small and select class of priests, many of whose activities were hidden from the general public. In order for a lay person to make any prayers, they would have to find a way convince one of these highly inaccessible priests to act on their behalf. By contrast, Buddhism placed spiritual agency entirely in the hands of the individual. Under Buddhism, each individual person could take spiritual action on their own behalf through meditation and following the Buddha's teachings. This increase in spiritual freedom caused a mass conversion to Buddhism from Brahmanism. In order to keep any adherents at all, Brahmanism was forced to adapt to a much more flexible and forgiving system which would become modern-day Hinduism.
Subject: European History
List and explain three socio-economic impacts of the 1348 Bubonic Plague in Europe.
1) Dramatic population decrease led to an increase in the value of labor. As serfs' labor became a rare commodity rather than established expectation, laborers were able to advocate for better pay and working conditions, leading to unprecedented prosperity for the working class. 2) The Catholic Church's power over Europe as a whole wavered. The clergy participated in the care of those infected, and therefore had a high mortality rate themselves. This meant that the Church's capacity for outreach decreased in the immediate aftermath. 3) Social unrest and the increased bargaining power of laborers led to the fall of feudalism. Peasants were dissatisfied with the way their leaders had responded to the plague crisis, with many of the nobility choosing to flee to country estates rather than help manage the epidemic in the areas they ruled. Resentful of this abandonment, peasants used their newfound leverage from the labor shortage to revolt across Europe, leading to the eventual fall of the feudal system.
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