Tutor profile: Ian W.
Subject: Study Skills
What are good study skills?
There are a whole host of available study skills for students to utilize. One of the primary ones is to break up studying in manageable chunks (as compared to studying everything all at once). Another excellent strategy is to allow enough time to study ahead of time (i.e., time management, utilizing day planners, task lists, etc.). Specific strategies include studying using various modalities (i.e., visual, auditor, kinaesthetic) to aide in remembering the study material. This can include memorizing material visually (i.e., reading it), auditory (i.e., using pens to read aloud, Microsoft Word read aloud feature, etc.), or even drawing out and moving as you learn (i.e., drawing out certain diagrams and doing it, creating studies that answer various questions). What is often not discussed as much with study skills is taking time to reward yourself for accomplishing studying, as well as giving yourself a break. If you are tired, hungry, or even distracted the material that you are studying won't be remembered so it is just as important to reward yourself and give yourself breaks as required.
What is Forensic Psychology?
Forensic psychology is the study and application of psychological principles within the law. It is really is the intersection of law and psychology. This can include clinical implications such as treatment, risk assessment, or general evaluations (i.e., how to treat someone who has antisocial personality disorder within the legal system, what is the risk level that someone will re-offend), or research applications (i.e., what are the grooming practices of online offenders, what types of offenders are there). Research applications can range from cognitive psychology, social psychology, and even neuropsychology.
How would you compare the effect of a two different therapeutic treatments on reducing levels of anxious symptoms?
You would conduct an independent samples t-test. You would first determine the mean anxious symptoms using a questionnaire for both treatment groups. From there, you would also determine the standard deviation of these groups. Using a linear equation, you would then calculate if the two means are statistically significantly different from each other. This would primarily be revealed in calculating the p-value, which gives you an indication as to the probability that the null hypothesis (i.e., the two means are similar) is false and you can accept the alternative hypotheses (the two means are significantly different). The p-value also gives you an indication as to the probability the obtained results are due to chance. Typically, a p-value of less than 0.05 means you have statistically significant results.
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