Tutor profile: Matthew M.
Choose the correct option of when you would use the subjunctive mood in Spanish. Pick one or more answers from a-e. a. El chico estaba pensando que su amigo fuera al partido de fútbol americano. b. La mamá pide que Mateo responda a más preguntas en clase. c. Si Elias fuera al partido, sería porque a él le gustaba el juego. d. Es cierto que ninguna persona aquí sepa cómo coser. e. Es falso que ninguna persona allí quiera ir al concierto.
The correct answers are b., c., and e. Debriefing: a. "El chico estaba pensando que" is not a structure that sets off subjunctive, so "fuera" would not be correct here. ("Fuera" is the past subjunctive form in the third person singular in this case). b. Because the mother "la mamá" is asking something of Mateo, "responda" would be correct. c. This sentence requires subjunctive (past) "fuera" because conditional sentences of this type require subjunctive after "si." d. Because it says "es cierto que" here, this is a circumstance that does not indicate doubt. Therefore, subjunctive should *not* be used. e. Because this situation does indicate doubt or uncertainty in "es falso que," subjunctive "quiera" should be used.
How would you make the second sentence of this *invented* short paragraph more concise and for what reason? Choose one or more options from letters a-e, making sure to read the reason why you would make the sentence more concise. In terms of today's market in 2019, market capitalization of top tech companies is only rising. Market capitalization is the sum total as a whole of what a company is worth in the stock market in today's terms in 2019. However, once investors realize that there is a gap in the worth of a company and its true value, there may be an adjustment in the market. a. Remove "as a whole" because it is redundant. b. Remove "of" because it is unnecessary. c. Remove "in today's terms in 2019" because the sentence before it already mentioned the date and that the sentences refer to "today." d. Add a comma after "in today's terms" because it makes the sentence clearer. e. Shorten "Market capitalization" to "Market cap" because it is shorter and this will allow for better reading fluency.
The answers to this question are a. and c. This is because "in today's terms in 2019" was already mentioned / referred to in the prior sentence. Also, "as a whole" is redundant because "sum total" is a concept that refers to the same thing. Notes: b. "of" actually is necessary here. It is a required preposition. d. A comma actually would not clarify the sentence. It might actually obfuscate the sentence (do the opposite). e. There is no reason to shorten this word. "Market cap" sounds less formal, but it does nothing to add concision to the sentence.
Subject: English as a Second Language
What is wrong with the following sentence? Pick the answer that fixes the sentence the best (a-d). I invested in Bitcoin, make sure I decided on the right type of cryptocurrency. a. There is a comma splice (i.e., the sentence should be split in two and/or should have a semicolon in between "Bitcoin" and "make.") b. "make" should be a gerund - i.e., "making." c. "Bitcoin" should be converted to lowercase letters only. I.e., "bitcoin." d. "cryptocurrency" is two words (i.e., "crypto currency").
While there are several ideas for the correction of this sentence, the most likely answer is b. I.e., the word "make" should be converted into "making," as a gerund usually follows this structure. Notes: The comma splice is a potential answer, but it is not the most likely answer to fix the sentence. "Bitcoin" ought to be capitalized only if it is used as the official name of the cryptocurrency. Otherwise it is "bitcoin." "Cryptocurrency" is one word.
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