Tutor profile: Cris C.
Subject: World History
With Roman expansion, the continent of Europe and some of Asia and Africa were introduced to the ideas and philosophies of the great civilizations that Rome had enveloped and produced on their own. Ideas such as Democracy, land ownership, and religion all spread quickly with the advent of Roman Conquest. Knowing this, what major facet of your personal life can you see having direct influences with Roman Conquest?
The Roman Empire, for all its short-comings, offered the world a glimpse into what was possible under the different systems of thinking that they developed themselves or that they adopted from countries that they encountered. Just think of the republic we now live in. This idea of "republic" had its origins in Rome, and "democracy" was also a product of Greek and Roman thinking. Now think of Christianity. Christianity, or the following of the teachings of Jesus Christ, had its beginnings in the Middle East, an area of the world that Rome had conquered around the 70th year of our lord or AD . With the teachings of Jesus, many persons began to follow the faith that came from this. Fist with Judaism, and then with Christianity, the world was offered one spiritual path that has had far-reaching affects in most of our lives, at least in Western countries. So how did this happen? Was Rome founded on Christianity? No. Rome, before the adoption of the Christian religion, was pagan in origin, worshiping many of the gods and deities they had absorbed from those they conquered, such as Greece, with gods being worshiped ranging from Bacchus, the god of fruit and wine, to Jupiter, the god of the skies and Mars, the god of war. However, eventually, Christianity began to spread among the citizens of the territories conquered by Rome. Rome, seeing that it would be easier to rule the people if they also controlled the religion of the people adopted Christianity as the official religion of Rome in 313 AD. Think about it. That's why the oldest church in the world is known as the Roman Catholic Church. And low and behold, once Rome and its far reaching territories slowly all became Christian, so did much of the population of future generations of people all over the world. When the New World or North America and South America were discovered, it was with the backing and funding of the Roman Catholic Church, to convert more souls to Christianity. Consequently, we have "In God we Trust" on our currency today, and every town has a Christian Church or other denomination in it today. I myself was baptized as a Roman Catholic, and even though I was never an active member of the church, the teachings of Christianity are well engraved in my memory from many Sunday School lessons and re-runs of The Ten Commandments on television.
Subject: US History
Manifest Destiny, or the idea that America had the right, or obligation, to expand westward in North America during the 1800s, had what affect on the economic history of the United States.
If a person were to think of which country in the world ranks at the top in terms of industry and commerce, one would think the United States. We didn't get this way by accident. The continent of North America was a huge, untapped reserve of natural resources that were waiting to be harnessed by the advancing technologies of society. Starting with the 13 colonies, cotton became a world wide phenomenon and the most widely used clothing material of the world. Sugar cane was also abundantly grown in the Southern 13 colonies and United States and became a common household commodity thanks to new territory being able to grow the crop. This is just the beginning! When the United States decided to keep moving westward in search of more territory, this led to more economic boom to the effect that the United States became the richest country in the world. The purchase of the Louisiana Territory in 1803 granted the United States untold riches in lumber, land for farming, and minerals. It also spurred the idea that transportation would become of utmost importance in order to transport goods from one part of the United States to another. By 1869, the first Transcontinental Railroad reached from the East Coast to the West Coast of North America. This in itself spurred the rise in the iron industry and coal industry in the United States. Seeing the riches that the Southwest part of North America offered, the U.S. went to war with Mexico in 1846 to 1848, and thus expanded even further with this idea of Manifest Destiny, or that it was our destiny to control the richest parts of North America. The California God Rush, the Oil Boom, the rise in industry, would not have happened as rapidly if the U.S. just decided to stay as the original 13 colonies. Our expansion led to the world witnessing the rise of one of the most powerful nations in history take place, from economics to the military, or unique national identity owes a great deal to our original Manifest Destiny idealization.
Subject: European History
How did the Columbian Exchange help transform Europe and the world as we knew it?
Europe for most of its history, to about the 1500s, was isolated and continually sought trade with Asia for goods and resources. With this in mind, we can see why Europe had an expansion in exploration during the 1500s, to try and find easier ways of obtaining these goods and resources, leading up to Spain and France and England claiming territories in the New World, what N. America and S. America were known as. This changed the world in numerous ways, and this can be illustrated by the concept of the "Columbian Exchange". Goods and people from the New World and Old World were traded, and mixed, which created new people and ideas and foods and numerous other details of our world. Imagine having a pizza from Italy, the Old World, without tomato sauce, since tomatoes were discovered in the new world. Or imagine chocolate not being sweetened by sugar and enriched with milk like it is now. Chocolate was from the New World and Sugar and dairy production were from the Old. And the people of the world, over 600 million people claim to be of Latino ancestry. These people are the products of differing combinations of European and Native American ancestries, with now a wide variety of Latinos around the world sharing the appearance and DNA of their ancestors, some with blue eyes, blonde hair and white skin, or brown skin and black hair, or any combination of these. The world today would not be what it is without the meeting of the Old World and New World.
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