Tutor profile: Smriti V.
What is Social Order
Social order is defined as a set of rules and structures that establish a cohesive social system. The term also defines a society that is in a stable state. The stability of the human social system is established through implied social contracts and socialization. For instance, most people are socialized to understand that taking something from someone without their consent is stealing, which is wrong as it is a precursor to conflict within the society.
Explain the difficulties faced by expanding or growing organizations due to Liberalization, Privatization, and Globalization.
Globalization, innovations in technology and eased governmental norms has resulted in diversification and thus expansion of many businesses around the globe. All this has led towards an increased demand for a potential workforce. With the end of geographical, political, economic and educational boundaries the availability of a good human resource is not a really big problem nowadays. But organizations need a qualitative workforce, which is emerging as a challenge for most of the organizations today. In order to employ an efficient workforce, organizations look for people from around the nation and sometimes even around the globe. Managing a workforce with diversities at times leads to lower productivity. Innovations, growth, and adaptation of technology are taking place at a very fast pace. Though it is a very positive change for mankind it leads to an increased cost on the part of an organization as machines and technologies become obsolete with time. This increases the need for continuous employee training thereby creating an additional responsibility on the organization. Uncontrollable population growth has led to an increased demand for goods and services, this in return raises a call for an increased conservation of natural resources thus helping us to serve generations with better living conditions. the ongoing trends and business challenges faced by most organizations that shall include – the need for the potential workforce, diverse background of the workforce and issues arising due to the same, fast pace changes in technology, corporate social responsibility and lastly employee welfare.
Explain the need for Training of employees in an organization.
NEED FOR TRAINING Most of us believe that only industrial and technical workers require training to have proper knowledge of the functioning of various machines. But it is not so, training today is required for every employee employed in the organized sector as well as in unorganized sector to some extent. Quick, Qualitative and Quantitative production of goods and services paced up with the advancement of technology taking place in first world countries. Customers were delivered with on time and quality goods and services which increased the customer satisfaction leading to increased demand and profits. With this business expanded. But this was only seen in the developed first world nations, who were economical, socially, political and technologically far stable than the developing and developed countries. The advent of globalization brought a new hope for the second and third world nations. Latest technologies, investors, infrastructure, planners etc were bought in the developing nations. Mutual agreements took place between nations, MNCs regarding the exchange of one’s national assets. But was it enough to get in the technology and infrastructure? The new techniques reduced the human efforts but it did not mean that no human intervention was required after all they are ‘man-made machines’. Technologies were new and latest but the labor force was the same with the same skills and knowledge. So problems emerged pertaining to the labor who proved to be semi or unskilled to work with the new technologies. The intention to increase qualitative production in lesser time with lower cost gave negative results due to the incapability and lesser knowledge of the labor force to work with the new techniques. Research and analysis made the executives realize that this weakness of the workforce can be improved with the help training. Hence the management decided to impart training sessions to employees to enhance their presentation skills and knowledge which will help them perform efficiently. After a decade of the emergence of globalization now mostly all the firms are well equipped with latest techniques, methods, software etc but these techniques become obsolete very soon so training is necessary on a day or month to month basis to keep the employee updated. Training is required for the employee to get them acquainted with their job responsibilities and working environment. An employee who is selected by the firm for his relevant experience and knowledge also needs to undergo an induction training to become aware of the company policies, working pattern, and environment. Mostly all the organizations use certain specific software like PeopleSoft etc to keep the leave record. An employee should be aware of working of this software in order to have a proper record. In some firms audit takes place by this I do not mean financial but other kinds of audit where the senior managing members may ask questions relating the aims, objectives, mission, and vision of the firm to any employee on the floor. To make an employee aware of all these important aspects training is very important and hence training forms the first step of any newly hired employee. Managing and supervising the subordinates is not the only work of a manager. He has many other tasks to be completed within a stipulated time frame. Hence proper training given to the employees reduces the amount of time spent on guiding and supervising the subordinates. Training is needed to minimize industrial accidents, labor disputes and wastage of resources. Hence as stated above training is must in any organization for the undisrupted growth of individual employee as well as the organization. Divina M Edralin in one of her articles states that organizations are increasingly investing in training to beat the rising competition in local and global markets.
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