Tutor profile: Ariel H.
How do I know which citation method to use?
Most of your teachers/professors will let you know which one to use! If they don't, a good rule to follow is MLA for anything humanities-related (art, English), APA for anything science-related (psychology, sociology, biology), and Chicago exclusively for history. Some subjects, such as business and history, can flip between APA and MLA, so check with your instructor! If your assignment is more academic and professional in one of these subjects, use APA; if it's more relaxed, use MLA.
What's the social commentary behind Elizabeth Gaskell's "North and South" (1885)?
"North and South" describes northern and southern England during the beginning of the industrial era and the massive societal changes it brought. Northern England was a land of technological advancements and laborers, full of factories, smoke, and immigrants. Southern England didn't catch up until years later, so the people who lived in the south were used to a more laidback, luxurious lifestyle in the countryside. Southern Englanders didn't see all of the smoke and horrible living conditions of the north. "North and South" attempts to describe a young woman's move from the south to the north during this era, during which she experiences the shock of daily labor and living a life of struggle.
What's the difference between an independent clause and a dependent clause?
Most sentences consists of 3 parts: a subject, a verb, and a complete idea. "The dog is," isn't a complete sentence - it needs something more added onto it in order for it to make sense, which makes it a dependent clause. There's no verb or complete idea present in that sentence! "The dog is fast," is a complete sentence, since there's a verb and a complete idea now present in the sentence! A sentence that can stand alone, like "The dog is fast," is an independent clause. As long as you have a complete idea, you can make any sentence into an independent clause.
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