Tutor profile: Veenit S.
What is the difference between a period and a semicolon?
The period is used to end a sentence. The semicolon is used as a joining piece of a sentence and must be ended by something else.
What does Michel Foucault mean when it comes to self-discipline?
According to Michel Foucault we are highly disciplined from within ourselves and are observed closely by external sources which watch us beyond ourselves. While visiting a Starbucks we engage ourselves in a self-discipline by standing in line and waiting for our turn. For example, during a busy hour we are in a rush to get our coffee, we have a certain time limit. There is a set amount of time that is needed to stand there and order your drink. Many times, the busy period is in the morning or afternoon, in both cases if you observe the line, you have a conscious self-discipline to know if you have enough time to even order your drink. During the afternoon, you may walk into a Starbucks on a lunch break, judging from the line you can determine if you can join it to wait on line because you have an hour for lunch and there are other things you must do. After all, we mentioned in class how the Philadelphia Prison used time as a way of discipline. Meaning, the prisoners have a certain time to wake up, a certain time to eat, and overall, they have a certain task that they have to complete some tasks. This relates to waiting on line, because of the fact that there is a certain time period you are on to get a drink and if you are running out time, you tend to leave and go to your other tasks. Another way where we are self-discipline is the lingo that is used for Starbucks. Anywhere else in the world, unless they are associated with the Starbucks brand we use the words “large, medium, and small”. In the Starbucks language these words get replaced with “vente, tall, and grande”. We are expected to know this lingo and what the order is. We take in consideration on what we want to order, and we also take in account to what others want. There is a certain order of operations that needs to be said to the barista, and if you want an extra order like a shot, or hot or cold, it needs to be said. Knowing the language is something that makes us self-discipline because we take in account to how many people are behind us, and we try to make the life of a barista easier as well as the customers behind us who also want to order. External surveillance in Starbucks can be the overall reception of the customers. The external surveillance can be how the line is formed and the waiting on the line. Overall generally the line on Starbucks and the attitude is a way of setting yourself and being in check. The view from the other bystanders basically allows your to justify your actions. After all, in class we talked about how you do not want to be the guy that stands out in the subway, then people look at you with disapproval and concern. In this case, the line and the people in line make you follow order by standing in line and waiting to be called up. The exceptions while you’re on line are talking, being on your phone, and actions that are justified through the public eyes. So, the external surveillance that watches you is the overall people on line, which influence your behavior so that you do not stick out and break the moral commandments that society protects.
Subject: International Studies
Describe how "Institutional reflexivity" was a failure in regards to the Treaty Versailles?
Institutional reflexivity takes into consideration the process where an organization looks at itself, revaluates and then makes a change for the future. Changes in institutional reflexivity can threaten individuals with risks because of the change they can bring about which do not always lead to positive outcomes. For example, after World War I, the United States, France, and Great Britain came together to analyze the causes of the world war, and to try to find a solution in order for this war to be the “war to end all wars”. These entities revaluated and analyzed the causes of World War I, and determined that Germany was to blame for the cause of the war. In the end, their solution was the Treaty Versailles, where Germany signed not only a guilt clause taking the blame for all the war, but it also signed clauses that limited the country’s power and took away its sovereignty. Therefore, the Treaty of Versailles failed in its aims to end all world war, and instead brought the people of Germany into a decaying situation where in desperation they succumbed to the promises of an individual who said he could bring the country back to its original glory. In this case, one sees how institutional reflexivity brought about risks and threats to the German individuals, as well as the whole world.
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