Tutor profile: Mika M.
Learning how to write well is an essential component of being an effective communicator. Please identify the essential stages in developing and designing an effective essay or paper. Please describe the importance of each stage and explain the content that should be reflected in each stage of paper writing. Thank you.
The first essential component of writing a paper is to select a topic. Be sure to select a topic that you are interested in learning more about. Choosing to write about topics that we are interested in will help us have enthusiasm for the paper. Make sure to select a topic that is specific enough so that it can accurately be addressed, given page length requirements. So, for example, rather than choosing a topic as broad as, “Living a healthy life”, you could select a topic related to the “Benefits of healthy eating”. When choosing your topic, you also want to identify whether your paper is intended to inform or persuade the readers. Once you have your topic selected, then you can organize your ideas using a diagram and outline. A diagram is a large circle picture where you draw the main topic idea in the large circle and then draw several lines connected to smaller circles around the larger circle. The smaller circles represent possible ideas, claims, or conclusions you want to include in the paper. Make sure to include supporting evidence (research references) for each main claim. In each smaller circle, you can write a main idea or point that you want to make about the topic. Allow yourself to include all possible main ideas. You can narrow down the main topics later, in the outline. Once you have completed brainstorming, then you can develop an outline that organizes the paper based on the Introduction, Main Body, and Conclusion. The Introduction section includes an Attention Device and Thesis Statement. An Attention Device is a compelling statistic, quote, or story that hooks your audience. The Thesis Statement is a very clear, concise, and specific statement that identifies the main points of the paper. Once you have the Thesis Statement, you can begin to work on your Introduction, which is the first paragraph of the paper. In this section you should use an Attention Device which is an exciting or interesting fact, statistic, or story that will captivate the reader or audience. This section should also introduce the reader to the main topics that the essay will address. Conclude the Introduction with the Thesis Statement that you have already developed. The Main Body of the essay is the section where you identify each of the main points, explain them, and use evidence to support these claims. Each of the main ideas that you include should have at least 3-4 paragraphs of explanation and supporting evidence. You should try to limit the main points of the paper to 3 or 4 main ideas. The Conclusion is the final paragraph or two of the paper. The Conclusion section should restate the original Thesis Statement using slightly different words and should summarize the main arguments that you made in the essay. During the Conclusion, you can also provide something for the audience to consider when they are done reading your paper. This might include a poignant story, fact, or statistic for the audience to consider after they have finished the paper. Once you have finished writing the paper, you need to proof-read and edit the paper to ensure that the paper is reflecting proper grammar, sentence structure, and spelling. Also, make sure to check that all the Research Evidence you referred to in the paper are listed in the text after the claim and at the end of the paper, under the References section. Always allow yourself ample time to edit and proof-read the final paper before submission. Ensuring that your paper is organized, concise, and free of errors will ensure that your readers are able to focus and attend to the main ideas of your paper.
Subject: International Studies
Cross-cultural communication deals with identifying the differences in perspective and communication among diverse cultures of the world. When we know about unique cultural values and communication norms across cultures, we are better able to adapt our communication so we can connect more effectively with those who may be different than ourselves. Please identify 2 cultural differences that may shape cross-cultural communication and provide examples to support claims. Thank you.
Two main cultural differences that can shape Cross-Cultural Communication deals with face-saving and non-verbal communication. In the following section, I will define these ideas and their implications for communication outcomes. I will then describe specific examples of cross-cultural differences, to support the claim that cultural differences in communication shape a plethora of conversational, relational, and professional outcomes. 1. "Face-Saving" is the process of respecting the "face" or "image" that another person puts forth in their interactions with others. When we preserve the "face" of others, we work to maintain their reputation, dignity, or credibility. Japanese, Asian, Hawaiian, and Latino cultures tend to value the idea of "Face-Saving" in routine communication. However, Western cultures like the U.S., Germany, and Russia tend to value more direct communication, even if it is perceived as challenging to the speaker. "Face-Saving" opportunities may play out in several conversations that are interpersonal or professional. So, if one person says something to another person, and the other person agrees with them or acknowledges their statement without objection or argument, this represents positive "Face-Saving". However, if a person responds to someone with argument, challenges, or denial that a statement is true, this would represent a "Loss of Face". Many cultures of the world engage in routine "Face-Saving" because it demonstrates respect and social concern for the other person and the collective community. It is important to be aware of "Face-Saving" norms because we can adapt our communication to more effectively connect with people who may have diverse values. This will assist us in being more effective with personal and professional interactions and relationships. 2. Non-Verbal Communication includes eye and facial behaviors, among other things. Non-verbal communication varies cross-culturally, so it is important for us to be aware of these differences so that we can communicate most effectively with others who may be different than us. In terms of eye and facial behaviors, Western and U.S. cultures tend to value direct or sustained eye-contact, which is seen as demonstrating respect to the speaker. On the other hand, many Asian, African, and Latino cultures, among others, tend to minimize direct eye-contact because it is seen as confrontational or challenging to the speaker. These are important communication differences and being cognizant of such variations in preferred behavior can assist us in our ability to effectively communicate with others.
Please develop a Public Speech Outline about a topic you are familiar with. Please use the following outline format and identify the following: 1. Introduction a. Attention device b. Overview of general speech c. Thesis statement (Main points speech will cover) 2. Body-Main Points of Speech a. Main Point #1, Including Supporting Evidence and Reference (Name, date) b. Main Point #2, Including Supporting Evidence and Reference (Name, date) c. Main Point, #3, Including Supporting Evidence and Reference (Name, date) 3. Conclusion a. Main point summary b. Attention Device/Thoughts to Consider c. Leave-Taking (Thanking Audience) *Please make sure to include a Reference List at the end of the Outline, formatted in APA, that lists the sources included in the above outline. Thank you.
Public Speech Outline -"The Importance of Emotional and Social Intelligence (E.Q.)" a. Attention device-Did you know that "Emotional Intelligence" is so important that it can shape your sense of self, relationships with others, and professional success? b. Overview of general speech-This speech addresses the idea of Social or Emotional Intelligence, which is the ability to identify, manage, and express emotions effectively in life and our relationships with others. c. Thesis statement (Main points speech will cover)-In the next several minutes, I will present you with compelling evidence that demonstrates that Emotional Intelligence can improve your happiness, relationships, and professional success in life. 2. Body-Main Points of Speech a. Main Point #1, Including Supporting Evidence and Reference Emotional Intelligence Improves Our Happiness (Goleman, 2006) b. Main Point #2, Including Supporting Evidence and Reference Emotional Intelligence Improves Our Relationships (Goleman, 2006) c. Main Point, #3, Including Supporting Evidence and Reference Emotional Intelligence Improves Our Professional Success (Goleman, 2006) 3. Conclusion a. Main point summary This speech has previewed the importance of Emotional Intelligence, in terms of personal happiness, relationship success, and professional achievement. b. Attention Device/Thoughts to Consider There are several ways people can improve their Emotional Intelligence. These include learning more about themselves, doing personal growth activities, and learning from others. c. Leave-Taking (Thanking Audience) Thank you for your time today. I hope that this speech has assisted you all in learning more about the importance of Emotional Intelligence and I hope you are all motivated to enhance your E.Q. skills in the future! References Goleman, D. (2006). Social Intelligence: The new science of human relationships. Bantam Books, New York: NY.
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