Tutor profile: Kaidy S.
How do I paraphrase?
Paraphrasing is expressing the same idea with different words. There are some useful techniques that can improve your paraphrasing. Let's try to paraphrase this sentence: 'It's important to learn about finance'. First, use synonyms, which are different words with similar meanings. For example, 'important' can be changes for 'vital', 'crucial', or 'essential'. Second, change the word order, making sure that the grammar is correct. For example, 'Finance is important to learn about'. Third, try changing word forms. Perhaps we could use the present continuous form of the verb. For example, 'Learning about finance is important'. We could also add some extra words too. So, to put it all together: 'Many people believe that educating yourself about money is crucial'.
How does someone stop a bad habit, or start a new habit?
Old habits die hard, and new habits are hard to start. That said, understanding how habits are formed can help us to end our bad habits and begin positive new habits. An important idea here is that habits are formed through by Cues, Craving, Behaviour, and Reward. Let's take an example of responding to social media notifications. The cue is the notification, the craving is how you feel when you see it, the behaviour is checking your social media account, and the reward is the like, heart, message, or whatever you see when you check it. If we disrupt or remove any of these elements, like turning off notifications, or not immediately checking our account, we can reduce the likelihood of responding habitually. Conversely, to start a new habit, we should make the new activity obvious to think about, attractive to start, easy to do, and reward ourselves for doing it.
Subject: English as a Second Language
How can I sound more natural when speaking English?
The feeling that spoken English sounds unnatural or robotic is a common problem for learners. One important feature of English to learn to help with this is 'connected speech', which is when words sound different in conversation to how they do on their own. Words and syllables are often shortened, clipped, or joined with other words during speech. For example, 'What do you mean?' might sounds more like 'Whaddyamean?' Learning a few simple rules about connected speech can help learners speak more naturally, and understand spoken English more easily.
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