What were the causes of the outbreak of World War II?
There are numerous issues that caused the outbreak of World War II. However, two of the major reasons that escalated issues between Germany and the Allied powers were the restrictions imposed on Germany by the Allied powers under the Treaty of Versailles following World War I and the rise of the Nazi party under Adolf Hitler. Following World War I Germany was faced with nearly insurmountable restrictions and reparations placed on them under the Treaty of Versailles which was drafted with no input from Germany and was signed under duress. The treaty required them to pay 63 billion dollars in reparations, which was later reduced to 36 billion. However, Germany was suffering from an economic depression and major inflation which made it nearly impossible for their economy to succeed. The treaty also stipulated that Germany would give up all of its colonies and any land they had conquered during World War I. Germany was also required to significantly reduce their military, reduce their armaments, and follow guidelines for demilitarized zones. The agreements under the Treaty of Versailles created extreme resentment in Germany and led to a rise of nationalism, which led many Germans to villainize all other groups aside from Germans with a German ethnic background. The rise of nationalism in Germany directly led to the growth of the National Socialist German Workers Party or Nazis. The Nazi party grew in power steadily grew in power following the end of World War I in 1918. The negative impacts of war and the aftermath on Germany led to a crippling debt and poor standard of living for most Germans. A sense of nationalism took over Germany fairly quickly following WWI which was a key component of the message of the Nazi party. With the growth of the Nazi party distrust for "outsiders" also grew, especially for Jewish people. Many Germans saw Jewish people living in Germany as outsiders, not true Germans. The Nazi party used the Jewish population to further their message, blaming all Jewish people for their situation following WWI. Due to the desperation of many Germans at the time they were more than willing to find a reason for their hopeless situation. Anti-semitism grew under the regime of Adolf Hitler, who quickly rose to power after being elected chancellor of Germany in 1933 and his subsequent self-proclamation as Fuhrer in 1934. With Hitler at the helm of Germany, the Nazi party began its systematic removal of Jewish people from Germany and expanded their plan to remove Jewish people from the world with their invasion of Poland. The invasion of Poland in 1939 began the Nazi party's goal of destroying the Jewish people and began World War II. Arguably the two biggest factors in the beginning of World War II was the Treaty of Versailles which caused a dire economic situation for Germany and the rise of the Nazi party under Adolf Hitler. The Treaty of Versailles' harsh reparations and restrictions was a direct cause of the rise of the Nazi party and Adolf Hitler as a German leader. These two factors led the world into an unstoppable escalation which culminated in the outbreak of WWI in 1939.
Describe two events that led to a rise in tension between the U.S. Colonists and the British Empire.
While there were many small and large incidences that led to tension between colonists in the U.S. and Great Britain there are two specific events that significantly ignited the fury colonists had towards King George and his control over them, the Townshend Act of 1767 and the Boston Massacre One of the main events that strengthened the revolutionary cause was the Townshend Act of 1767. Most colonists felt that the taxation of tea and other goods were unfair. The outrage from colonists led to Great Britain repealing most parts of the Townshend Act except for the tax on tea. However, the repeal of the tax on many of the goods in the Townshend Act was overshadowed by the Tax Act of 1773 which allowed the British East India Company to have a monopoly on tea being sold in the colonies. This further angered colonists because it negatively impacted American merchants who sold tea. This led to the boycott of tea from the British East India company and eventually the Boston Tea Party, where 340 chests of tea were dumped in the Boston Harbor off of a vessel belonging to the British East India Company. These events led revolutionaries to coin the phrase "No taxation without representation", signaling that they felt they were unfairly taxed and required representation in British parliament if they were to be taxed. This phrase became a calling card for revolutionaries throughout the conflict with Great Britain. Another event that exacerbated issues between the colonists and the British Empire was the Boston Massacre in 1770. The Boston Massacre occurred when colonists were heckling British soldiers and throwing snowballs at them. The aggression amplified and eventually, British soldiers fired on the crowd, killing 5 colonists. Although colonists incited the violence, they manipulated the event to make it seem that the British attacked innocent colonists completely unprovoked. Paul Revere's etching of the event showed this perspective and was widely distributed throughout the colonies to show the brutality of British soldiers. The Townshend Act and the Boston Massacre were two major events that increased resentment for British rule and authority in the colonies and helped the revolutionaries to expand their support system which eventually leads to the Revolutionary War in 1776.
Robert Frost's poem "The Road Not Taken" is often misinterpreted as being about individuality. Explain what you believe Frost's message is and provide evidence to support your opinion.
Robert Frost's poem "The Road Not Taken" is often noted as a poem about individuality and forming your own path. However, there is a sense of discontent in the author's tone that shows that author is looking back on his past decisions and choices with regret for the unknown. Frost states, " I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference." The first line of the last stanza shows that the author is looking back on his past choices with some exasperation, a deep sigh as he reviews his life's choices. Although this last stanza is often misinterpreted because Frost states that his choices have "made all the difference", which many readers feel is a positive reflection of past choices. However, when examining the tone of the poem it becomes more clear that there is a sense of longing for unexplored choices, as Frost notes that he, "Then took the other [path], as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear; Though as for that the passing there Had worn them really about the same". The protagonist in the poem chose the less traveled path because it was unique, but it is clear that when looking back he felt that the more traveled path was just as desirable. He also explains that after he had taken the less traveled path it appeared just as worn as the choice he passed by, which shows that author was questioning his choice of the path for its unexplored qualities. Frost captures a very human characteristic, it is very natural to examine our past choices and the impact on our lives. Frost shows the burdens that come with making any choices however minor, but especially life-altering decisions.