Tutor profile: Jennifer P.
Subject: Library and Information Science
Where can I locate a primary source for a research paper or project?
The answer to this question will vary depending on which institution you attend, what databases they purchase access to, and where you are located. A good place to start for locating primary sources virtually (for U.S. History specifically) is the Library of Congress Primary Source Sets for classroom use, New York Public Library Digital Library Collections, National Archives, or Smithsonian open access. Databases that your institution may provide access to include ProQuest, American Periodicals, and Hathi Trust Digital Library. It also is incredibly helpful to make a visit to a local historical society or archive, consulting their finding aids (a tool for browsing a collection's organization) to find a primary resource that fits well into your research. It is also likely that your institution's library also has LibGuides and a list of databases that can assist you. Librarians and archivists are always ready to answer your questions!
Subject: World History
What was the Neolithic Revolution and what were some of its impacts?
The Neolithic Revolution occurred roughly 12,000 years ago, after the Paleolithic era. It marked the shift from primarily nomadic, hunter-gatherer societies to settled, agriculture communities. Plants and animals were domesticated, which allowed food to be consumed without the need to travel with animals and seasons. Populations thus became more dense, and one of the negative effects included the spread of disease. With densely packed communities and less need to hunt and gather, goods were produced and accumulated, tools created, and governmental organization began.
Subject: US History
What were the events and circumstances that led to the Civil War?
The Civil War was ultimately a culmination of events that were related to the role of slavery in the United States. Slavery was a controversial institution from the beginning, as colonists were faced with building a brand-new country and needed to make decisions regarding slavery. In 1820, the Missouri Compromise brought the controversy to the forefront. Under the Missouri Compromise, Missouri was admitted to the United States as a slave state and Maine was admitted as a free state to maintain the existing balance of slave states vs. free states. In 1831, a slave in Virginia, Nat Turner led a violent rebellion, sparking military resistance to end the resistance. As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was passed, which required Northern officials to return slaves who had escaped for freedom back to their southern slaveowners. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 allowed two new states to determine for themselves if they were to be free states or slave states, sparking violence from both sides and leading to conflict known as "Bleeding Kansas." A few years later in 1859, the anti-slavery activist John Brown led a raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia, capturing buildings and eventually hanged for treason. Soon after, in 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected President, sparking six states to secede, and thus the Civil War conflict had finally begun.