What is a Grignard reagent?
Grignard reagents, type of organometallic compounds, are widely used in organic reactions as a source of carbananions such as alkyl, phenyl anions. The general formula of Grignard reagent is R-Mg-X which readily dissociates into R- and +MgX. Grignard reagents are highly sensitive to water.
what are enzymes?
enzymes are biological agents which accelerate a chemical reaction happening in living organisms. Biological enzymes are similar to catalysts in chemistry with a difference being enzymes are more specific and they increase the rate of reaction by many folds. Enzymes are generally made up of proteins.
what are isotopes?
Isotopes are the atoms with the same number of protons (and electrons) with a different number of neutrons in the nuclei. For example, H and D both have a single proton but H has no neutron and D has 1 neutron and hence they are isotopes