What is the difference between quoting and paraphrasing in writing?
Using a direct quote from a source is taking the information and repeating it word-for-word in your piece, using quotation marks. When using a direct quote, one must always cite his or her source. Paraphrasing is conveying the same information but phrasing it in one's own unique words. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
Why was the French Revolution so violent?
The French Revolution was indeed very explosive, causing it to stand out in comparison to other revolutions. It saw a slew of violence and decapitations with the classic guillotine. This is because unlike other countries, for example, the United States, France was not only looking to change the organization of its government but the entire power structure and way of life via the ideals of the Enlightenment. The killing of priests was due to the excessive amount of power the Catholic Church held at the time and the corrupt role it played in politics. The spark of the revolution, the storming of the Bastille, is another great example of this. The Bastille was a prison that held prisoners, mainly placed there because of political disagreements with the king. It was destroyed by revolutionaries, which symbolized an end to the oppression placed on the French people by the monarchy. In the case of the United States, the colonizing power, England, was overseas and did not place much pressure on the colonies until the Intolerable Acts were passed. In France, there was constant, visible friction that caused tension to build gradually until it erupted.
What was the Whig Party?
The Whig Party was formed shortly after Andrew Jackson took office. Jackson was a controversial president and divided people with many of his actions such as his paying off of the national debt, his treatment of Native Americans and his frequent use of his veto power. The Whig party was essentially formed as the "Anti-Jackson" party. Their platform was the antithesis of Jackson's. Specifically, they were in favor of a federal bank and scaling back the power of the president, both of which Jackson opposed.