Tutor profile: Curtis P.
Subject: Study Skills
What is an effective way to study for my test next week?
Depending on the subject matter, it is important to keep in mind a few different elements as you prepare for your exam. When reviewing the material, it is important to make sure not to simply reread your notes or your textbook reading assignments - studies show that this is one of the least effective ways to prepare for an exam. There are several methods that are more effective. For instance, it is often effective to identify questions that may be similar to the types of questions you will encounter on your exam. By imagining different possible questions, you will begin to synthesize the material at a deeper level. It can be helpful to make flashcards to review key concepts, vocabulary, and ideas from class. When reviewing the flashcards, make sure to review over several days. Studies show that spreading your test preparation out over several days (spacing) helps prepare you to maximize the amount of material you retain. Finally, it's important to make sure to get a good night's sleep the night before - no cramming, just rest and relaxation before the exam. Good luck!
Subject: Music Theory
What is sonata form? What are the different elements? Where is sonata form used? Why is sonata form effective?
Sonata form is a type of musical form that became popularized in the Classical Period (1750-1820) and is still used today. The form is built from three different sections: the exposition, the development, and the recapitulation. The main goal of a sonata form is to modulate to a new key and then to return to the original key in the recapitulation. In the exposition, musical material is presented and modulates between the first and second themes. The development follows and shows off a composer's ability to take short motives and musical ideas and use them in various ways to create drama and suspense. After modulating through a number of keys, the composer arrives on the dominant key which ushers in the recapitulation in the home key. The recapitulation restates all of the musical material from the exposition, but within the tonic key and does not modulate. Sonata form is found in sonatas by classical composers and works by composers of the 19th-21st centuries. Sonata form is effective because it creatively uses musical form to create a musical narrative. Composers from many centuries have used this form to write some of their greatest works including symphonies, sonatas, and more.
What are the four main stylistic periods in classical music and what are some key characteristics that define them?
The four main stylistic periods in classical music history are the Baroque Period (1600-1750), the Classical Period (1750-1820), the Romantic Period (1820-1900), Modern/Contemporary Period (1900-Present Day). Music of the Baroque Period is known for its use of dance forms, counterpoint, and fugue. Johann Sebastian Bach, one of the most well-known composers of this time, wrote hundreds of fugues and works for keyboardists and large ensembles. The Classical Period, dominated by the music of Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven, is known for its architecture, use of sonata form, and the development of keyboard technique. The Romantic Period expanded upon the developments of form in the classical period, but with new interests in developing virtuosity to transcend the human condition and express in a more personal manner. Music by Chopin, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Brahms, and Dvorak was especially popular at the time. The Modern/Contemporary Period includes a vast and quickly expanding number of composers and styles. As the classical music genre embraces new styles, composers, and approaches, the musical canon continues to get larger and more diverse. The most obvious stylistic elements are the use of dissonance, changing/irregular meters, and the new instrumental techniques.
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