Tutor profile: Joslyn S.
How do I use in-text citations?
There are multiple methods of using in-text citations. APA and MLA are most often used for research papers and differ in their requirements. Make sure you know which format to use, and rely on your handbook or Purdue OWL for assistance. Below are some examples with explanations. The format of an APA in-text citation with a short quote will include the author, year, and page number. For example: According to Sandlin (2021), "make sure your quote is in quotation marks" (p. 1). If the author's name is not included in the sentence, it would be in one parenthesis set with the date and page number. For example, The author stated, "make sure your quote is in quotation marks" (Sandlin, 2021, p. 1). Longer quotations will use block formatting with the author name and date to offset the quote, and the page number used in parenthesis at the end of the quote. It's also important to avoid gendered terms in APA format. When using MLA, the format differs slightly. Because MLA is more focused on content rather than having up-to-date research, year is not as important as author name and page number. Using the same example as above, the format would be as follows. Sandlin stated, "Make sure your quote is in quotation marks" (1). Notice that the page number is not preceded by a "p." to denote page. Another example could be "Make sure your quote is in quotation marks" (Sandlin 1). In this example, no commas are used to offset the name or page number, and again, a date is not included.
Subject: Library and Information Science
Explain the difference between MARC and Dublin Core.
According to the Library of Congress, the greatest difference between MARC records and Dublin Core is the richness of MARC data. MARC has multiple specific fields and subfields notated numerically, while Dublin Core uses plain language to describe its elements. It's important as an information professional to be familiar with both; however, most catalogs use one or the other organization system, not both.
Why is it important to ask higher order questions?
Asking higher-order questions is significant for a few reasons: primarily, it allows all students to engage in thinking and creating new pathways in the brain to recall information. In addition, it allows students to combine different skills: recalling information, formulating responses, and conveying ideas clearly. It's imperative to ask questions in a particular format, as well -- never "Who can tell me...?" as it allows disengagement from students. Instead, start with an action word or question word. For example: "Think with me. Why is the sky blue?" This allows creative thinking from all students. It's also important to call on students randomly -- even students who don't have their hand raised, so everyone is engaged in thinking and answering.
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