When completing a piece of writing, why is it important for the author to consider the larger rhetorical situation and then attend consciously to the reader's rhetorical needs?
Considering the rhetorical situation is largely a matter of audience awareness. While the author should ideally aim for a style that naturally expresses his or her voice, the author must also be aware of how much the reader will likely know already about the subject in question and which appeals are likely to engage the reader most effectively. This awareness requires sensitivity and an understanding of readers as human beings with sensibilities and tastes, not merely passive observers of a written task. In the context of a formal assignment, the rhetorical situation will also include the instructor's guidelines and any additional specification of the audience to whom the student must write. To complete the assignment at hand, the student must thoughtfully address these prompt elements then generate writing that advances a productive academic discussion. In any writing scenario, whether personal or academic, careful consideration of rhetorical situations will give writers the best chance of conveying their messages successfully to readers.
In F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby, what does the protagonist's ultimate fate suggest about one of the novel's larger themes: recapturing the past? How satisfying is this ending? Justify your response.
Because Gatsby fails in his quest, the novel suggests the impossibility of repeating the past and the inevitable downfall of those who attempt to do so. While Gatsby's death represents a downfall, his murder depends too strongly on contrived elements to feel fully satisfying to the reader. As such, Wilson's decision to kill Gatsby is largely a result of factors beyond the protagonist's control, indicating a lack of direct ties to Gatsby's motivations and thus to the novel's larger theme.
The expression "all hands on deck" is an example of what kind of figurative language? Why?
This expression is an example of synecdoche. By referring only to the sailors' "hands," the sentence allows the part to stand in for the whole (the entire person), which is the defining trait of synecdoche. By choosing the hands, the sentence emphasizes the physical labor in which the sailors will engage.