What is Shakespeare's definition of a comedy or tragedy?
A comedy in Shakespeare's day was a play that had at least one marriage. "Romeo and Juliet" would then be considered a comedy- "Romeo and Juliet" marry in secret. A tragedy would be a play that ended with a death. "Romeo and Juliet" here would be a tragedy. The main characters and most of their families die. While "Romeo and Juliet" isn't a romantic play, it is a tragic comedy.
What is a minority and who in the US are minorities? What is a majority and who in the US are majorities?
A minority is not only a group of people who are outnumbered, but those who are overpowered. Like African-Americans or women. A majority, not only the most people in an area, but those who hold power over those who are minorities. An example in the US would be men, specifically white men.
What type of Irony is this (Verbal, Dramatic or Situational): Harry Potter allows himself to be killed by Voldemort.
Situational. It creates a twist in the story in contrast to the audiences expectations. The audience expects Harry to take down Voldemort and not allow himself to be defeated in any way. By letting Harry be killed by Voldemort, JK Rowling has created a type of Situational Irony to shock the readers.