In indirect questions, what mood is the verb in the dependent clause and how does the 'sequence of tenses' rule work?
The verb in the dependent clause is always in the subjunctive mood. The tense of the subjunctive mood changes depending on two things: 1) the time of the action of the main verb, 2) the time of the action of the verb in the dependent clause. If the action of the main verb is present/future then it is primary sequence; if it past tense then it is historic sequence. If the action of the dependent clause is incomplete/ongoing at time of the main verb
You have a week left before an exam and 3 topics to cover - what is one good method for ensuring you revise, absorb and retain as much information as possible?
There is no single, right way to study - everybody learns differently - but the following is good guidance for how to manage your time and revise effectively. Depending on the size of the topics, make sure to cover each more than once. Revisiting information helps your brain to convert it from short to long term memory enabling you to recall it more easily when it's needed. Perhaps try 1 day for each topic, then revisit each for a half day, then a third of a day, Try active and passive revision - don't just read, write notes and test yourself; doing more active learning methods helps your brain to remember the information. Don't try and work continuously for the week, take breaks and rest. In order to process and remember information, your brain needs regular breaks - so stop every 30 minutes for a short break and schedule a longer break each day. Doing completely different activities - like singing, running, dancing - can actually help your brain process all those textbooks and notes so don't give up your hobbies just because it's exam time!
'Don't put all your eggs in one basket'. What does this phrase mean and how does it demonstrate literal translations can sometimes be misleading?
This phrase means: don't concentrate all your efforts/resources/support in one thing/ place/plan (because you could risk losing everything if that one option ends badly.). Clearly, this phrase isn't really about eggs or baskets so it's literal (word-for-word) meaning is not what it really means. This is an example of an idiom. English - like many languages - has idioms, or phrases that have a fixed meaning and their literal meaning is often different from their real meaning. Understanding and mastering idioms is a sign of becoming fluent in a language and in English are particularly common to everyday conversation.