What are the easiest and the most complicated things to learn in German language?
According to me and everyone I have learnt this language with, Pronunciations are the easiest to learn once you get the consonants and syllables right. After that it's just connecting them together while speaking unlike English and French where you have to follow a lot of rules to pronounce the words correctly. The most difficult thing, as universally accepted, is of course the Grammar which is much more complicated than English and the like. For example the verb form changes when you want to be extra polite to someone. So in English we have- Would you please help me with this? But in German this is not polite enough so they have a whole different verb structure to express just that politeness.
What are some common features of Nachkriegsliteratur (German post war literature) ?
The German Nachkriegsliteratur is one of the most important and well known era of literary works. During this time most of the literature followed the theme of devastation, post war crisis, emotions related to the loss people went through as individuals and as a country, about hunger, about destruction etc. And the most noticeable was the style of writing which was mostly short stories written using a very simple language and very commonly used everyday words. There was nothing flowery or poetic about it.
Name any German word that spells the same as an English word but has a totally different meaning.
While there are many such words, my favorite one is Das Gift. Gift in English has a very positive connotation but in German it means poison, which is clearly nowhere close to an English gift. So never gift someone a German Gift!