What is a thesis statement and why is it important in writing?
An effective thesis statement will narrow your topic to a single, specific, arguable idea. Importantly, it states a position or belief that is debatable and intriguing to readers. It should communicate why this topic matters enough to write a paper on it. Another way to think about a thesis statement is as a contract between you (the writer) and the reader. The thesis makes certain promises to your reader, and it becomes your job as a writer to fulfill that promise using specific details or analysis. The statement doesn’t have to be groundbreaking, but it must communicate the objective of your paper. It is the thread that ties together all of the significant developments that you will develop in the body of your paper.
How does Mexican artist Jose Clemente Orozco (1883-1949) illustrate the contributions of female soldiers during the Mexican Revolution?
Female soldiers (soldaderas) are not major topics in history books, but are instead represented in ballads, legends, literature, and visual art. These forms of historical documentation are heavily influenced by stereotypes and by traditional societal rules imposed on women in Mexican and Mexican-American communities. Some soldaderas brought their children along with them to battle, or bore them along the way. A print by Jose Clemente Orozco, Hombres y mujeres caminando (On the Road) of 1929, depicts soldaderas carrying their children on their backs, and following a group of male soldiers to battle. The lithograph is dark and gloomy - all the soldiers wear black and the group walks towards a shadowy, ominous horizon – however, a glimpse of whiteness illuminates the foreground. One soldadera, as she reaches behind her to hold the foot of her baby, reveals her slender, pale arm. The whiteness of her arm and her child attracts the attention of the viewer, emphasizing their point of contact and the mothering role of the soldadera.
What main characteristics of Baroque art does Caravaggio's work demonstrate?
Caravaggio is considered to be a founder of the Baroque style. He was one of the first artists to break from Mannerism, a previous artistic style marked by graceful, elegant, and slightly abstracted figural forms and very sophisticated and erudite subject matter. In contrast, Caravaggio draws inspiration from the High Renaissance, and in particular Michelangelo's solid, sculptural figures, through the study of nature and the use of models. The compositions of his paintings, including the one featured in Calling of St. Matthew (1598-1600), incorporate many figures in a complex, yet organized scheme with often very reduced settings. His use of light derives from sixteenth-century Venetian painting. Many of his paintings employ tenebrism, the dramatic use of light and shadow to produce a spotlight effect, adding drama and immediacy to the scenes.