Describe each of the following constitutional provisions. -Supremacy Clause -Tenth Amendment
The Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution--Article VI, Clause 2-- declares the Constitution, federal laws created following it, and treaties established under constitutional authority as supreme law of the land. State laws, including state constitutions, are subservient to it. The Tenth Amendment states that any powers not given to the United States nor explicitly prohibited by it to the states is reserved for the states or the people.
Analyze the ways in which controversy over the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to the coming of the Civil War.
The Civil War was a defining moment in American history. The antebellum years of the 1840s and 1850s were filled with bloodshed, compromise, and difficult political decisions that exacerbated an already delicate situation. One political decision that magnified tensions between the North and South was the Kansas-Nebraska Act which repealed the Missouri Compromise that had prohibited slavery north of latitude 36 30' and allowed for popular sovereignty in Nebraska and Kansas. Another event that pushed the South further toward rebellion was the Wilmot Proviso that stated that slavery should never exist in any territory taken from Mexico which later passed the House of Representatives, but failed in the Senate. The final event which eventually lead to the secession of South Carolina was the election of Abraham Lincoln. This event caused a peak in tension between the North and South because Lincoln was an abolitionist and was elected without winning a single electoral vote from the South.
The United States Constitution and it's 27 amendments explicitly prohibit all of the following EXCEPT: a) slavery b) unreasonable searches and seizures c) sex discrimination in employment d) double jeopardy
The correct answer is C. The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution expressly prohibits slavery and involuntary servitude. The Fourth Amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and the Fifth Amendment protects against double jeopardy. However, there is no amendment expressly prohibiting sex discrimination.