Tutor profile: Jenny P.
Subject: Graphic Design
Typography is a key element within Graphic Design. Choose one typeface and discuss its origin and characteristics.
A Fat Face is a roman typeface that became popular during the Industrial Revolution. During the Industrial Revolution, England played a role in the development of typography. England became the central location for the major design innovations that took place in London’s many type founders. This revolution started with William Caslon and continued with his heirs Joseph Jackson and Thomas Cotterell. The Fat Face type characteristics are letters whose contrast and weight have been increased by expanding the thickness of the heavy strokes. The stroke width has a ratio of 1:2.5 or even 1:2 to the capital’s height.
Subject: Film and Theater
Within the movie The Wizard of Oz note at least two patterns in the plot, image, or sound.
There are many patterns within the movie The Wizard Of Oz. However, the two patterns that I noticed while watching the movie were the pattern of establishing Dorothy's companions before she entered Oz and how their physical characteristics are the same. At the beginning of the movie, we are introduced to the people in Dorothy's life, particularly the farmhand's Hunk, Zeke, and Hickory. Within this movie, there is a scene where Dorothy foreshadows the farmhands and their characters in Oz by creating a pattern where they established the linguistic characteristics of The Scarecrow, The Tin Man, and The Cowardly Lion. When Dorothy is talking to Hunk about her concerns with Miss Gulch, he responds “It’s like you don’t have any brains at all”. As they continue their conversation, Dorothy is upset that Hunk will not listen and he responds “that your head ain’t made of straw” establishing a linguistic pattern of who Hunk will be in Oz. From these patterns, we know that Hunk will be The Scarecrow due to the linguistic patterns of him discussing brains similar to the motif of The Scarecrow wanting a brain. This pattern continues when Dorothy is talking to Hunk and he states “that you don’t have any brains at all” and says “that your head ain’t made of straw.” As we progress through the scene of Dorothy talking to the farmhands she starts talking to Zeke in the pigpen. Within this scene, Dorothy is walking on the fence while Zeke takes care of the pigs. Zeke starts talking about Miss Gulch trying to tell Dorothy how she should talk to her and says “have a little courage” which is a common theme with The Cowardly Lion. Within this conversation, Zeek also says “next time she Squawks Spit in her eye.” Once Dorothy falls into the pig pin Hunk is teasing Zeke and says “is a pig going to make a coward out of you?” Similar to the sense with Hunk this scene with Zeke and Dorothy establishes a pattern of common linguistic characteristics of Zeke and The Cowardly Lion. Similar to the pattern established with Hunk and Zeke, it continues with Hickory. The scene starts off when Auntie Em comes in and tells everyone to get back to work. As she is talking to Hickory she tells him to get back to work and stop tinkering around with that contraption. Hickory then responds “someday they will erect a statue to me.” This statement foreshadows Hickory being a statue made out of the tin when Dorothy and The Scarecrow find him in Oz. The second pattern that I noticed in the movie was how Hunk, Zeke, and Hickory’s physical characteristics and the way they moved similarly to their characters in Oz. When we first see Hunk in the movie he is working on the wagon and he hits his finger while hammering a nail. After he hits his finger and he spins around in a specific way. When we progress in the movie where Dorothy finds The Scarecrow, he is hammered to the post in Oz. Once Dorothy helps him down he starts dancing he does a similar spin when he is singing and dancing. While this pattern may be hard to recognize it is continued with Hickory and Zeke. This pattern continues with Hickory when he is laughing at Zeke for being afraid when Zeke was overwhelmed after falling into the pigpen. When observing Hickory’s physical movements they are very stiff. At one point he is holding his arm at a ninety-degree angle with his fingers pointing at Zeke. This pose is very similar to when we first see The Tin Man’s stiff posture holding the ax while in Oz. Similar to this pattern with Hunk and Hickory, it continues with Zeke as The Cowardly Lion. When we see Zeke on the farm he is very expressional when he talks about Miss Gulch and how he is going to make pig banks out of the pigs. Within this scene, he is very expressional with his face and arm movements. This pattern continues when we meet him in the forest and he pounces moves his arms. Zeke’s physical movements are also similar to The Cowardly Lion. One specific moment I noticed was when Zeke wipes his face with a hanky after Dorothy falls into the pigpen. This physical characteristic can be seen when Dorothy slaps The Cowardly Lion and he wipes his face with his tail. Within the movie The Wizard of Oz many patterns can be seen in the plot, the imagery, the sound, and the characters. The patterns that I noticed after watching the film and listening to the lecture were the pattern between establishing key phrases between the farmhands and their characters in Oz and the pattern between their physical movements of the farmhands on the farm and in Oz.
Subject: Art History
Describe Ukiyo-e and give one example of an artist that utilized this genre.
Ukiyo-e is a genre of art that became popular in Japan from the seventeenth century through the nineteenth century. This style of art uses woodblock printing and painting. Common themes in this style of art are people, scenes from history, folk tales, travel scenes, and landscapes. Ukiyo-e translates to pictures of the floating world. During the process of Ukiyo-e, there is a specific order and process that occurs to create that print. First, the publisher will find the artists and the artist will design the artworks. Then they will draw on paper and use ink to create the design. Then the carver will then carve the designs into a woodblock and a printer will then apply pigments to the woodblock and print each color on handmade paper. Beardsley was an English illustrator who drew in black ink and was influenced by the style of Japanese woodcuts Ukiyo-e. His artwork emphasized the style of grotesque. Beardsley believed that we should emphasize aesthetic values more than social-political themes in art. This movement was accurately named the aesthetic movement. Beardsley also contributed to the development of Art Nouveau due to his belief in the aesthetic movement. Art Nouveau is a style of decorative art characterized by intricate linear designs and flowing curves based on natural forms. From Beardsley's belief that we should emphasize aesthetic values more than social-political themes in art, we can see that he has a major impact on the development of Art Nouveau.
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