Tutor profile: Mckenna J.
Subject: Music Theory
What is a secondary or applied chord?
A chord that tonicizes the harmony succeeding it, borrowing accidentals from a related key. For instance, a V7/V chord originates from the key of the dominant harmony and tricks the ears into thinking the piece has modulated.
What is a Parallel Interrupted Period?
A passage containing two phrases, where the beginning of the second phrase mimics the beginning of the first phrase. The first phrase ends in a half cadence, the second ends in a perfect cadence.
Provide a close reading of Sonnet 1 from Christina Rossetti’s “Monna Innominata."
Complicated Love in Christina Rossetti’s “Monna Innominata: A Sonnet of Sonnets” In Christina Rossetti's “Monna Innominata: A Sonnet of Sonnets,” the speaker presents an authentic love that is entangled in personal pain and contrasting spiritual values. Rossetti's sonnet sequence diverges from the delusory, unbalanced longing of the traditional courtly love sonnets of Petrarch and Dante where the female is an object to be loved, an ideal of vague perfection without individuality or humanity. The traditional courtly love sonnets focalize through the man’s perspective without allowing the woman to voice her thoughts. Rosetti’s sequence adds dimension to this tradition by centering around the woman’s thoughts and presenting a complex and multifaceted perspective that is expressive of genuine and complicated love. In “Monna Innominata,” the speaker is torn between wishing for her love to be near her and wishing for him to stay away. She apostrophizes to her love, begging “[c]ome back to me, who wait and watch for you: / [o]r come not yet, for it is over then” (Rossetti 1.1-1.2). The speaker finds herself unable to consolidate the tension between joy and sorrow, asking “[h]owbeit, to meet you grows almost a pang / [b]ecause the pang of parting comes so soon” (1.9-1.10). Far from the uncomplicated yearning of courtly love, the speaker cannot enjoy her time with her love because of her anticipation of their parting. The speaker’s religious ideals also complicate her expression and experience of love. The speaker’s feelings for her beloved and her love of God often come into conflict. She apostrophizes to her love, saying "I cannot love you if I love not him, / I cannot love Him if I love not you" (6.13-6.14). The speaker expresses a love that is fraught with tension and pain, far from the unreciprocated and unrealistic tradition of courtly love. Instead of only hearing the male’s perspective of a pining that is internally uncomplicated, Rossetti depicts a woman’s internal conflict between yearning and resistance, God and earthly desire.
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