Tutor profile: Adrianne C.
How do I write a good thesis?
Thesis development starts with understanding the key components of a thesis. The thesis (usually 1 or 2 sentences) should be wholly representative of the essay you are writing. Therefore, the key components should be your stance on the subject matter and the impact of the subject. In addition, you should include any key information such as author names if writing a rhetorical essay.
How does classical conditioning work?
Classical conditioning, often referred to as Pavlovian conditioning, is when behavior is modified through the pairing of stimuli and responses. Pavlov trained his famous dogs to salivate to the sound of a bell through this type of conditioning. First, he took the unconditioned stimulus of food to elicit the unconditioned response of salivation. Next, he paired the unconditioned stimulus of food to the neutral stimulus of the sound of a bell. By repeatedly presenting the neutral stimulus of the bell with the unconditioned stimulus of the food, Pavlov trained his dogs to associate the two together. Each time the two stimuli were presented together, the dogs would present with the unconditioned response of salivation to the unconditioned stimulus of the bell. However, as the association between stimuli developed, the dogs began to salivate *because* of the bell. Once a strong enough association has been trained into the dogs, Pavlov was able to present the (now) conditioned stimulus of the bell to elicit the (now) conditioned response of salivation without the food.
How can I identify dramatic irony in a text?
First, you have to understand what the concept of dramatic irony is. Dramatic irony is an instance in which the audience has information that changes the context of a scene that the characters do not have. One famous example is at the end of Romeo and Juliet where we, the audience, are aware that Juliet is only *asleep* on the floor--not dead. We know this because moments prior, we watch Juliet come up with the plan to feign death and follow this idea accordingly. This becomes dramatic irony when Romeo discovers the laying Juliet. Because he was not observing her scene as an audience member, he is completely unaware of the full context of the scenario. Assuming she is dead, he takes his own life to be with her in death. Had he known the truth, Romeo's actions may have been very different. Therefore, when looking for dramatic irony, watch out for instances where the audience learns key information that the characters don't obtain until later or not at all.