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Tutor profile: Nicole D.

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Nicole D.
Nursing Student
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Questions

Subject: Health and Medicine

TutorMe
Question:

Can I get SARS-COV 2 from the COVID-19 vaccines?

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Nicole D.
Answer:

No. You won't get the virus. This is because the component of the COVID-19 vaccines does not contain the live virus. An individual can only get the SARS-COV-2 virus if it is alive and capable of replication. The different vaccines available are only composed of either the dead virus or only a component of the virus (such as in mRNA vaccines). The components of the vaccines introduced into the body help boost an individual's immune system by triggering the B-cells to produce antibodies against the virus and to commit them into "memory". This is so that the next time the COVID-19 virus enters the body, the immune system will be more prepared to eliminate it.

Subject: Nursing

TutorMe
Question:

What are the most common nursing interventions done to address aphasia in patients with cerebrovascular accident (CVA)?

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Nicole D.
Answer:

Just to recap, aphasia happens in CVA because the areas responsible for speech are usually affected. In receptive aphasia, the Wernicke's area is usually involved, which is mainly found in the temporal lobe. This causes the patient to be unable to comprehend speech. On the other hand, in expressive aphasia, the Broca's area is involved which is found in the frontal lobe. In this type of aphasia, the patient CAN comprehend speech but cannot respond back. It is important to know the difference in order to know the proper nursing interventions to be done. Some of the common nursing interventions specific to receptive aphasia would include speaking in short and simple sentences, speaking slowly, pleasantly, and clearly, minimizing environmental distractions in order for the patient to focus on what the nurse is saying, and repeating and reinforcing instructions frequently. The nursing interventions mentioned above can also be applied to expressive aphasia, but the interventions mainly focus more on giving the patient more time to speak or respond in the conversation. No matter how long the patient takes, let them speak without interrupting. The nurse should also provide an alternative means of communication, such as letting the patient write or letting the patient point to his or her answers on a paper with pre-made choices to questions. In caring for these patients in general, it is important to always treat them with dignity and respect by talking to them normally. Most of all, it is important for the nurse to be very patient and understanding because they need time and effort to cope with their condition.

Subject: Anatomy

TutorMe
Question:

How does blood flow through the heart and lungs?

Inactive
Nicole D.
Answer:

The deoxygenated blood (blood that carries more carbon dioxide) enters the large veins of the body, namely the superior vena cava (SVC) and inferior vena cava (IVC). The SVC carries deoxygenated blood from the upper half of the body (mainly the head, neck, and chest) while the IVC carries deoxygenated blood from the lower half of the body (from the abdomen to the lower extremities). The deoxygenated blood from these two veins will first enter the right atrium. Afterward, it would pass through the tricuspid valve and into the right ventricle. From the right ventricle, the deoxygenated blood will pass through the pulmonary valve and into the pulmonary artery, which carries the blood to the capillaries in the lungs. Once gas exchange happens in the lungs, the deoxygenated blood now becomes oxygenated (blood now carries more oxygen). The oxygenated blood is now carried by the pulmonary vein into the left atrium. From there, it would pass through the bicuspid valve and into the left ventricle. It would then move towards the aortic valve and into the aorta, which is the largest artery in the body. The aorta now distributes the oxygenated blood to the different parts of the body. In short: Superior/Inferior vena cava --> right atrium --> tricuspid valve --> right ventricle --> pulmonary valve --> pulmonary artery --> lungs --> pulmonary vein --> left atrium --> bicuspid valve --> left ventricle --> aortic valve --> aorta --> different parts of the body --> superior/inferior vena cava

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