What are the differences between independent and dependent clauses?
An independent clause is a group of words that can stand on its own as a sentence: it has a subject, a verb, and is a complete thought. Example: He ran. (Notice that while this sentence only contains two words, it is still a complete sentence because it contains a one word subject and a one word predicate that is also a complete thought.) Example 2: I was late to work A dependent clause is a group of words that also contains a subject and a verb, but it is not a complete thought. Because it is not a complete thought, a dependent clause cannot stand on its own as a sentence; it is dependent on being attached to an independent clause to form a sentence. Example: Because I woke up late this morning… (what happened?) Example 2: When we arrived in class… (what occurred?) Dependent clauses can often be identified by words called dependent markers, which are usually subordinating conjunctions. If a clause begins with one of these words, it is dependent and needs to be attached to an independent clause. (Common dependent markers: after, as, although, because, before, even though, if, once, rather than, since, that, though, unless, until, when, whenever, whereas, while, among others.)
When dealing with intervals, what are whole and half steps?
An interval is the distance between two notes. For the purpose of this particular question, I will use the C Major scale to explain the answer to this question since it contains to sharps or flats.; it starts at C and ends at C. Imagine a piano. The distance from B to C is a half step because no other notes fall between them. The distance from A to B, however, is a whole step because it consists of two half steps. Each note is a certain distance apart from the next, and they form a pattern that repeats. All Major scales follow this exact pattern: W W H W W W H (whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half). The distance between the first two notes in a Major scale is a whole step. The distance between the 3rd and 4th notes and the 7th and 8th notes are half steps. Those are the two naturally occurring half steps in a major scale. In a major scale, there are two naturally occurring half steps. In the key of C Major, those two half steps are between B & C and E & F.
What are third conditionals?
When we are talking about something in the past which cannot be altered now, we use this formula: If + Past Perfect, would have + past participle. For example: If you had studied all of your grammar notes, you would have passed the exam. You can not alter or change the past. You didn't study in the past (something you cannot change now) so you didn't pass the exam. It is an imaginary situation that didn't happen. Notice how this tense can be used to say that you regret doing something or when you are telling someone off (reproaching someone)? This type of conditional can also be used when making excuses. We can also change the word order of the sentence with this formula: Would have + If + past perfect Example: You would have passed the exam if you had studied all of your grammar notes.