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Tutor profile: Hannah L.

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Hannah L.
Criminal Justice Professional with over 4 years experience at multiple levels of government
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Questions

Subject: Social Work

TutorMe
Question:

How can deviancy and crime be different from one another from a sociological perspective?

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Hannah L.
Answer:

Deviance is defined as behavior that violates the terms of social norms, expectations and rules. An example of deviancy would be inappropriate table manners such as picking your nose at dinner. Criminal activity, however, is deviant but also illegal from a based upon laws that a government agency set in place. The major issue is that criminal activity is always deviant, but deviant behavior is not always criminal. Not only this, but as laws change, so does actions that are considered criminal. The best example is the legalization of marijuana. Decades ago, marijuana was considered taboo and was both criminal and deviant. However, it has started to become legalized in many states. It can still be considered deviant from some people's perspectives. For example, Virginia has recently legalized marijuana, so it would be considered deviant in that state, but neighboring southern states such as Tennessee and North Carolina do not have marijuana legalized, so it would be considered criminal AND deviant.

Subject: Law

TutorMe
Question:

What are the four types of law that are typically encountered in the pretrial stage in court proceedings?

Inactive
Hannah L.
Answer:

1. Constitutional Law - These laws are defined by the body of either the United States or state constitutions. 2.Statutory Law - These are laws that are typically passed through the body of the legislature and eventually are required to be signed by an executive, such as the president or a governor. 3. Case Law (Common Law) - These are the basic criminal laws that government agencies enforce that ensure that society is safe, orderly, and law-abiding. 4. Court Rules - These are laws that are dictated by the highest courts and are in place to control the procedures of all underlying courts.

Subject: Criminal Justice

TutorMe
Question:

What are the five major overall goals of criminal justice punishment? What are some examples of each one?

Inactive
Hannah L.
Answer:

1. Retribution - Better known as 'an eye for an eye'. Retribution is victim-focused and aimed at ensuring that an offender receives the appropriate level of punishment that fits their crime. The most well-known example of retribution would be the death penalty for someone convicted of a capital crime, which is almost always murder and/or murder-related crimes. 2. Rehabilitation - Focuses on altering the offenders behavior to prevent future recidivism and crime. An example of rehabilitation would be the specialty dockets that courts have, such as drug court or mental health court. Other examples would include in-patient treatment facilities or out-patient counseling. 3. Deterrence - Can be individual or general. Both of these focus upon preventing future criminal behavior by 'scaring' an individual or the public from preventing future crime. An example of general deterrence would be the public seeing an offender get a harsh punishment on a certain crime. The aim is that the public would not want to commit crimes such as that one as they could receive the same harsh punishment. 4. Incapacitation - Prevents crime by keeping offenders away from society by means of removing them from society. The most common example of incapacitation is incarceration in jail or prison. 5. Restitution - Reimbursing a victim in a criminal offense. An example of this would be an offender paying a victim of theft back.

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