How do you attack reading passages?
Don't read the passage! The only way to do that is to look over it. Look at the questions, so you can figure what the questions is asking about the passage.
What’s the difference between 좋아요 & 좋아해요?
When you like something, you can use both 좋아요 & 좋아해요. But if you break it down, 좋아요 is for when something is good or likable. For example, if the idea is good and you agree with it, you can use 좋아요. Where as, 좋아해요 is used when you like something.
Do we value only what we struggle for and motivate ourselves more effectively through reinforcement?
In order to motivate ourselves, we always strive for something that is of value for us. We all like to be more effective in reaching our goals, so to reach our goals we will set a goal that we think is worth struggling for. According to behaviorists and psychologists, we like to improve our effectiveness is by rewarding ourselves by taking little steps that get us closer and closer to our desirable outcome.