Tutor profile: Logan G.
What is the most helpful thing you can do for your reader in writing an essay?
No reader is ever going to be as familiar with your essay you are, even if they are an expert on the topic; for this reason, it is wise to give them as much help as you can in understanding the structure and purpose of your essay. A good introduction with a roadmap is important for this, as are short paragraphs each performing one job only, and lots of signposts reminding your reader of where they've come from and where they're going.
What is the significance of Kant's later anthropological writings for his earlier, more familiar Critical philosophy?
Kant's sensitivity to anthropological concerns about what human beings are actually like shows that he is not as strictly rationalistic as he is often made out to be. Though his earlier works were necessary for grounding his philosophical ideas, Kant never wanted to leave his philosophy inaccessible to humans in its purely rational form; rather, he intended to produce anthropologically sensitive versions of his rationalistic metaphysical and ethical philosophies, bringing them down to earth for us rational animals (emphasis on animals!). Thus, though they are sparse, Kant's anthropological writings are an important key for interpreting the often unappealingly strict Critical works which Kant is most famous for.
How do we get a sense of Stephen Dedalus' spiritual crisis in the first chapters of James Joyce's Ulysses?
Though Stephen Dedalus has left the Catholic church and purports to have left his spiritual life behind, his offense at the remark that his mother is "beastly dead" betray a lingering belief that there is more to human existence than the "beastly." Indeed, the recurring visions Dedalus has of his dead mother suggest that spirituality has a certain irresistibility for Dedalus. Nevertheless, Dedalus tries his hardest to characterize existence as strictly material: in a conversation with his boss about history working toward a manifestation of a divine plan, Dedalus simply points out the window and remarks, "That is God," as if to say that there is no use thinking about anything beyond the apparent, the right-now, the physical.