What are agents of socialization and why are they important?
We learn to behave as a society expects us to through family, peers, school, the media, and even places of worship. These are the agents through which we learn what is appropriate and inappropriate to say, do, wear, eat, etc. This is referred to as socialization, a process without which we would be unable to properly communicate and interact with our modern world.
In what fundamental ways do the theories of Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson differ?
Although Erikson's psychosocial theories were largely inspired and based on Freud's psychosexual theories, both had different beliefs relating to the various stages of human development. While Freud believed that the majority of the psychology of a person was formed mainly in their childhood, Erikson's theory included even early, middle, and late adulthood. Erikson theorized that issues left unresolved during certain life stages could be revisited and dealt with at later stages, while Freud felt that issues left unresolved in childhood would just extend into adulthood and continue to be a source of psychological unrest.
What is the purpose of a literary device?
Authors use literary devices as tools to add meaning to their work. This includes the manipulation of irony, allusion, metaphor, diction, imagery, and more. They allow authors to evoke certain emotions within their readers, while at the same time convey information that they feel is important for their readers to understand.