Tutor profile: Ari D.
How does the 17th century French philosopher René Descartes prove the existence of the self?
Descartes writes his famous thesis "cogito ergo sum" (in English: I think, therefore I am) by showing that simply by thinking the question "do I exist?" one has proven that the self exists. This is because some thing must have thought the question "do I exist?" In other words, that question cannot exist without some thing to think it. What is the thing which thinks this question? Descartes says that it is the self. Therefore, if one thinks anything at all, then they have proven that they exist.
At the outset of the Greek epic poem, the Iliad, Homer writes that this story is about "the wrath of Achilles." In what way does Achilles' wrath change the course of events in this epic?
In directing his wrath at the leader of the Greek troops, Agamemnon, the warrior Achilles begs his mother to ask Zeus to let the enemy Trojan army bring the Greeks to the brink of defeat. Achilles hopes that this will demonstrate to Agamemnon and the Greek army that his fighting skills are indispensable to Greek victory at Troy, and they will consequently be grateful for him. Zeus accepts Achilles' plea, and allows the Trojans to inflict massive damage to the Greek army, a turning point in the events of the epic which would not have occurred had Achilles not been wrathful.
Subject: World History
In 494 BCE, the Plebeians of ancient Rome acquired power over the Patricians when thy established a house of representatives to rule alongside the more aristocratic senate. By 297 BCE, this house of representatives had complete legislative control over the city of Rome. How were the Plebeians able to accomplish this drastic re-structuring of Roman politics?
In 494 BCE, the Plebeians flipped the power structure of the city by executing a labor strike. The Plebeians were able to flip the power structure because the Patricians were unable to maintain complete control over the labor force. The strike was especially consequential because of the city's preexisting debt, which meant that the Plebeians' labor strike devastated the economy of ancient Rome, and forced the Patricians' hands to allow them to establish their own governing body.
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