Tutor profile: Noah C.
Subject: Public Health
Explain the three different approaches that public health officials use in the community to prevent disease.
Primary Prevention: This type of prevention refers to the process of preventing a certain health outcome or diagnosis before it happens. It mainly focuses on the entire population and doesn't focus on one single group. Some interventions may include: public health clinics for the community, and distributing resources on scheduled immunizations. Secondary Prevention: This type of prevention occurs when a risk factor has been detected, or when EARLY signs of disease are present in a community or individuals within the community. Interventions include: screening those at risk for a the specific risk and/or preventing the problem from worsening. Tertiary Prevention: This type of prevention occurs when a disease has already been identified and it is past early stages. This type of prevention is solely focussed on managing the disease and improving quality of life in individuals that are impacted.
Provide and explain examples of nursing interventions that would improve respiratory status of a patient in distress.
The type of respiratory distress that the patient is experiencing factors into what the nurse will prioritize first. However some examples of improving respiratory status any multiple situations would be: -Raising the head of the bed at least 30 degrees prior to feeding a client with dysphagia -Turning/repositioning the immobile patient every 2 hours to prevent respiratory secretion pooling and atelectasis. -Instructing the client on proper use of incentive spirometry after a surgical procedure to prevent atelectasis and pneumonia. -Knowing the correct order of interventions to improve oxygenation during emergent events such as anaphylactic shock or status asthmaticus. In emergent situations that involve inflammatory processes, the obstruction must be removed from the airway before applying oxygen or supplemental oxygen will not reach the lungs to be distributed to vital organs. -Clients with COPD have different oxygen needs, and may have a different oxygen baseline. Some COPD patients may live with O2 levels between 86-92%. It is important not to over-oxygenate these individuals as detrimental effects can occur.
Explain the process of the kidney's functions
The basic unit of the kidney is the nephron. It is also known as the functional unit of the kidney. The kidney has many functions, and is one of the most important organs in the body. The kidneys are mainly responsible for: regulating the volume and composition of extracellular fluids, maintaining blood pressure by regulating the absorption and secretion of water and sodium, excreting waste as urea, erythropoietin production and secretion, the activation of vitamin D to a usable state for the body, maintaining acid/base balance and regulating the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.