Tutor profile: Cierra C.
How do I write an introductory paragraph?
My advice for writing an introduction that will wow your teachers is to turn to a map statement intro. This introduction enables you to have a hook, thesis, a sentence summarizing what each of your body paragraphs will pertain to, and finally a concluding statement. Here is what is looks like. Opening Statement Thesis --> What is your argument? MAP Statement 1 MAP Statement 2 MAP Statement 3 (Add however many map statements as you need) Concluding Statement
Subject: Study Skills
What is an efficient way of studying for a test that is three weeks away and requires you to do most of the studying, as your professor is not much help?
Planning everything in an agenda that allows you to physically see what steps you have to take in order to successfully plan how you will study is an effective way of planning how to study. Not only can you mark what goals you want to meet by which date but you can write out what specific topics you would like to review for each day. Rest is important during a time of high stress. Being patient with yourself and allowing time for space, meditation, self care, and sleep is also a huge part of studying. Going into a test while only having 4-6 hours of sleep is ineffective.
How might we come to understand the history of Western conceptualizations of rule and power? Here, refer back to both Anderson and Machiavelli to highlight key themes that characterize power as it is written about in the West.
Through Anderson’s explanation of multiple galacticites and the fluidity of mandala states, compared to notions of the fixed border in creating a nation, we can more explicitly see the mechanisms of a Western characterization of power and their stark differences. Using Java to lead his analysis of power, Anderson explains the shift that occurred as the Middle Ages began to wane, which directly drove Western conceptualizations of rule and power. He proclaims, the “essential difference between the traditional Javanese view of history and the modern Western perspective is that, in the modern view, history is seen as a linear movement through time, whereas Javanese traditionally tended to see their history as a series of recurrent cycles” (Anderson, 20). The “contemporary” concept of power, compared to Javanese culture grew out of the need to shift with secularization in order to interpret politics. As power in the West was based upon action, land, resources, and shown through physical dominance, it became clear that power was abstract, had a heterogeneous source with no inherent limits, and was morally ambiguous (which of course fit in perfectly with a secular conception of political power). Then, as a result of industrialization, the idea of power and its limits could be interpreted as having been expanded or even blurred as it brought an entirely new conception of power throughout the West. Anderson notes, “In the later historical evolution of the West the relatively rapid pace of economic, technological, and social change has been paralleled by a cultural transformation of unprecedented extent,” (67) demonstrating that power and materiality, industry, and development were nearly synonymous. Anderson’s understanding of Western power is further demonstrated in Machiavelli’s, The Prince. Through this text, Machiavelli addresses many stances about the role of a good leader and how power is obtained. In his eyes, power does not come from one source, it is a product of accumulated reason, resources, relations and most importantly the leader of a state must exhibit particular qualities in order to raise and maintain power. For instance, he believed that a good leader does not cater to the specific needs of everyone but rather calculates risks and weighs all options to enrich subjects’ lives. In this context, cruelty is not bad unless the leader's agenda is met and being feared is more important than being loved. Since the power obtained by the Prince is constantly being threatened by outside forces, a Prince must rule with force and law over faith, relying on faith alone takes away from the need for arms and knowledge. Though Machiavelli offers an in depth framework to guide the behaviors and actions of a functional Prince, his overarching theme in regards to leadership is to appear as strong, calculated, good, wise, well versed in many different art forms, knowledgeable about surroundings, and above all do it in the name of power. Power, here, again differs greatly from that of Bali, Java, Burma, and other “nations” encapsulated in what is known as Southeast Asia. In both Anderson’s and Machiavelli’s explanation of power through the West, this force almost becomes objectified in that it positions itself as a dominant force, action, and disruption to both the natural and spiritual nature of the environment and human life. Power, in the eyes of the West, must be maintained by whatever means necessary, and harm to an individual person's life in order to protect it is justifiable.
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