Tutor profile: Jessica C.
What are the biggest differences between the MLA and APA styles, besides the way in which sources are cited?
The biggest differences between MLA and APA 7 are the opening of the paper and the overall format of the paper. MLA requires a basic information block at the top left of the first page. This should include the student's name, the professor's name, course name, and date (day month year). A space below that, the title should be centered before the body of the paper begins. In APA 7, however, a cover/title page is usually required. This should include the title of the paper (bold), followed by the student's name, department and school, course name and title, professor's name, and the date. This information should be roughly halfway down the page and centered. APA 7 can also include an abstract before the actual body of the paper, although this is not required by every professor. The header of MLA papers should be your surname and page number in the top right of each page. MLA papers are usually not split into various sections, although they can be. When they are, each section should be numbered and given a heading (1. Introduction). APA 7 headers should only contain the page number at the top right. The title of the paper (which is often included as the first "level 1 heading") should be bold and centered. This will start flush at the top of the page instead of below the information block like in MLA. Any other level 1 heading should also be bold and centered. Level 2 should be bold and flush left, while Level 3 are bold and italic, etc.
In Stephen King's IT, who is the strongest member of the Loser's Club?
The strongest member of the Loser's Club, at least in the emotional sense, was Beverly Marsh. As a child, Beverly met the challenges of life with a sometimes unsteady grace and a fist to the face. She held her own with her fellow Losers and often took a leadership role in their adventures. While the boys of the group faced and overcame their own traumas, Beverly’s was uniquely sickening. Of course, racism and bullying are disgusting and the death of a loved one is heartbreaking, but they mostly bring out a sense of rage and sorrow. What Beverly went through is frightening in a way that Pennywise could never be. Beverly’s father, Alvin, was a horrible man, poisoned further by the inherent evil of Derry. He controlled his daughter with an iron fist and leered over her in a way that led to her mother asking “Bevvie, does he ever touch you?”. Although it is confirmed in the book that he only physically abused her (bad enough by itself), the threat of sexual abuse is omnipresent when Alvin is on the page, coming to life when Pennywise used his form to assault adult Beverly. As a child, she handled it as best as she could, hiding the things she knew would upset him (tampons, Ben’s haiku, etc.) and placating the beast. As a child in Derry, she had no other recourse, unfortunately. She survived, thriving in the company of her friends, until she could escape to a safer life. As an adult, Beverly married a man reminiscent of her father, Tom Rogan. He viewed her as nothing more than a sex object with a smart mouth. He took out his anger on her, physically and sexually. The marriage was not a move of weakness on Beverly’s part. We often seek out what is familiar to us, even if those things are negative, because it is the easy path. It doesn’t require learning new patterns of behavior. When her memories of childhood, of past trauma and inner strength returned to her, she fought back against Tom. She fought back hard, winning her independence, and I’m sure doing exactly what she would’ve done to her father given the chance. She escaped to Derry, to her friends. The Losers provided a safe place for Beverly. Although Ben and Bill harbored feelings for her, all of the boys respected her without fail. They teased her as much as they teased each other and protected her just as fiercely. They provided her with a family, a sense of belonging, and love, both platonic and romantic. Throughout all of this, Beverly held her head high and refused to back down from any challenge. She held the line with the boys, went toe-to-toe with the Bowers' Gang and Pennywise without hesitation, and in the end walked away with her freedom. Beverly Marsh is a fighter, a survivor, and an idol.
Please describe a comma splice and how to avoid or fix it.
A comma splice is an instance of two independent clauses being joined into one sentence by a comma. Ex. Howard knew that someone had broken in, it was more than likely Vince This can be fixed or avoided by using a semi-colon in place of the comma, splitting them into two sentences, or using a comma followed by a conjunction. A. Howard knew that someone had broken in; it was more than likely Vince. B. Howard knew that someone had broken in. It was more than likely Vince. C. Howard knew that someone had broken in, and it was more than likely Vince.